Algebra
What is the distribution of the traces of powers of a random matrix? A classical result of Diaconis and Shahshahani states that the traces tr(M^i) for a random unitary matrix M are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) complex Gaussians. Recently, Gorodetsky and Rodgers proved that the traces of powers of random unitary matrices over F_q are i.i.d. uniform random variables in F_q. In this talk, we will discuss the distribution of traces of powers of random padic matrices and prove that it converges to the distribution of i.i.d. uniformly random padic integers, as the size of the matrix goes to infinity.
The KrohnRhodes Theorem shows that every finite semigroup S divides, that is, is a quotient of a subsemigroup of a wreath product of simple groups that are JordanHolder factors of the subgroups of S and the 3element monoid U consisting of two rightzeroes and an identity element. We call a finite semigroup prime if whenever it divides a wreath product of two finite semigroups then it divides one of the factors. Then the KrohnRhodes Theorem also shows that a semigroup is prime if and only if it is a simple group or is a subsemigroup of U.
In particular, every aperiodic semigroup, that is, semigroup in which each subgroup is trivial, divides a wreath product of copies of U. The KrohnRhodes complexity of a finite semigroup S is the least number of groups in any decomposition of S as a divisor of a wreath product of groups and aperiodic semigroups. Margolis, Rhodes, and Schilling recently proved that it is decidable to compute the complexity of a finite semigroup. This settled a problem in finite semigroup theory that had been open for 62 years.
The purpose of this talk is to give a gentle overview of the mathematics behind the solution of this problem. LIke many important open problems, the lack of a solution led to the creation of many tools used to approach the problem and are now important tools in semigroup theory and its applications. We'll discuss some of these as well.
This is joint work with John Rhodes and Anne Schilling.
Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over the complex field $\mathbb C$, $B$ a fixed Borel subgroup, $P$ a parabolic subgroup containing $B$, $P'$ its derived group and $\mathfrak m$ the Lie algebra of its nilradical.
The nilfibre $\mathscr N$ for this action is the zero locus of the augmentation $\mathscr I_+$ of the semiinvariant algebra $\mathscr I:=\mathbb C[\mathfrak m]^{P'}$.
In this discussion, we focus on the study of $\mathscr N$ for $G=SL(n)$. The composition of $n$ defined by the Levi block sizes in $P$ defines a standard tableau $\mathscr T$. For each choice of numerical data $\mathcal C$, a semistandard tableau $\mathscr T^\mathcal C$, is constructed from $\mathscr T$. A delicate and tightly interlocking analysis constructs a set of excluded root vectors from $\mathfrak m$ such that the complementary space $\mathfrak u^\mathcal C$ is a subalgebra and a Weierstrass section can be associated to it. In addition, we will prove that $\mathscr C:=\overline{B.\mathfrak u^\mathcal C}$ lies in $\mathscr N$ and its dimension is $\dim \mathfrak m\textbf{g}$, where \textbf{g} is the number of generators of the polynomial algebra $\mathscr I$.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
A key tool in understanding (complex analytic) hypersurface singularities is to study what properties are preserved under special deformations. For example, the relationship between the Milnor number of an isolated singularity and the number of A_1 points. In this talk we will discuss the transversal discriminant of a singular hypersurface whose singular locus is a smooth curve, and how it can be applied in order to generalize a classical result by Siersma, Pellikaan, and de Jong regarding morsifications of such singularities. In addition, we will present some applications to the study of Yomdintype isolated singularities.
In various cases, a law that holds in a group with high probability must actually hold for all elements. For instance, a finite group in which the commutator law [x,y]=1 holds with probability larger than 5/8 must be abelian. In the talk I’ll discuss a probabilistic approach to laws on infinite groups, using random walks, and present results, joint with Be’eri Greenfeld, answering a few questions of Amir, Blachar, Gerasimova, and Kozma.
We show that for algebraic groups over local fields of characteristic zero, the following are equivalent:
Every homomorphism has a closed image, every unitary representation decomposes into a direct sum of finite dimensional and mixing representations, and the matrix coefficients are dense within the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions over the group.
In our proof, we employ methods from semigroup theory. We establish that these groups are compactificationcentric, meaning sG = Gs for any element s in the weakly almost periodic compactification of the group G.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
We present results on the dynamics of standard univariate polynomials over quaternions and octonions from an algebraic point of view. We look at periodic and fixed points and emphasize the need to carefully define what we mean by these terms when it comes to dynamics over noncommutative rings. For quadratic monics over the octonions, we provide criteria for classifying fixed points as attracting, repelling, or "ambivalent", generalizing the complex case. This is a joint work with Adam Chapman from the Academic College of Tel Aviv–Yaffo.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Quadratic residue (modulo a prime) patterns have been studied since the end of the 19th century. My talk consists of two formally independent parts, closely related in spirit.
The first part is devoted to the classical problem on strings of consecutive quadratic residues. We reduce this problem to counting points on elliptic and hyperelliptic curves, thus obtaining results unavailable by classical methods.
In the second part, I shall state the last unpublished result of Lydia Goncharova on the sets of residues such that the difference between any two elements is a quadratic residue. We did not succeed in restoring her elementary proof, but we managed to prove her theorem by reducing it to the problem of counting points on a very specific K3 surface.
(Joint work with V. Kirichenko, S. Vladuts, and I. Zacharevich.)
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
We study subspaces of central simple algebras where some of the characteristic coefficients vanish. The main result is that in the generic tensor product of n cyclic algebras of degree p over a field F, the maximal dimension of a space over which the first p1 characteristic coefficients vanish is (p^{2n}  1)/(p1).
The result is obtained by a neat combinatorial observation communicated to the speaker by Terence Tao and Gjergji Zaimi via math overflow.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The class of identical inclusions was defined by E. S. Lyapin. This is a class of universal formulas which is situated strictly between identities and universal positive formulas. These universal formulas can be written as identical equalities of subsets of words: elements of the free semigroup. Classes of semigroups defined by identical inclusions are called inclusive varieties. The language of identical inclusions is much richer than the language of identities; for example, there are infinitely many semigroups defined by identical inclusions up to isomorphism and there exist infinitely many countable inclusive varieties of semigroups. Many basic classes of semigroups (finite groups, pgroups, Engel groups, solvable groups, nilsemigroups, nilpotent semigroups, periodic Clifford semigroups) are nonelementary inclusive varieties, i.e. they are inclusive varieties that cannot be defined by sets of firstorder formulas.
After an introduction, I plan to speak about nonelementary inclusive varieties. In particular, I will give a criterion for an inclusive variety to be nonelementary. I plan to speak also about inclusive varieties of abelian groups and, if time allows, about inclusive varieties of Clifford semigroups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
We consider residue structures $R/G$ where $(G,+)$ is an additive subgroup of a ring $(R,+,\cdot)$, not necessarily an ideal. Special instances include Krasner's construction of quotient hyperfields, and Dickson's construction of nonassociative algebras. The residue construction, treated formally, satisfies the Noether isomorphism theorems, and may be cast in a setting which includes direct products and tensor products.
Special elements in the lattice of semigroup varieties
This work is inspired by Kobi Snitz's 2003 Ph.D. thesis, where he constructed two irreducible, automorphic, cuspidal representations of the metaplectic group (a double cover of SL_2(A), where A are the adeles) from global theta lifts of orthogonal groups and nontrivial automorphic quadratic characters. Snitz constructed isomorphisms between these representations for certain matching data of quadratic spaces and automorphic quadratic characters which can be thought of as an analog of the SiegelWeil formula. Our aim is to find a suitable reformulatation of Snitz's results to higher rank groups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Ulam's stability problem asks when an 'almost' solution of an equation is 'close' to an exact solution. Extending the thoroughly studied theory of group stability, we study Ulam stability type problems for associative and Lie algebras. Namely, we investigate obstacles to rankapproximation of 'almost' solutions by exact solutions for systems of noncommutative polynomial equations.
This leads to a rich theory of stable associative and Lie algebras, with connections to linear soficity, amenability, growth, and group stability. We develop rankstability and instability tests, examine the effect of algebraic constructions on rankstability, and prove that while finitedimensional associative algebras are rankstable, 'most' finitedimensional Lie algebras are not.
Joint work with Guy Blachar and Be'eri Greenfeld.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let S be a set of natural numbers. Is it possible to find an integral nary quadratic form with f(Z^n)=S?
In this lecture we will discuss integral quadratic forms and questions of representability of natural numbers by quadratic forms. We will define "formallysupported sets" and present some types of questions that should be asked about such sets and forms. Mainly, we will be concerned with one specific example of a formallysupported subset, and using its properties to compute the dimension of the space of all multiHassett cubic fourfolds.
Let G be a reductive group over a nonarchimedean local field F of odd residual characteristic, let theta be an involution of G over F, and let H be the connected component of the thetafixed subgroup of G. We are interested in the problem of distinction of the Steinberg representation St of G restricted to H. More precisely, first we give a reasonable upper bound of the dimension of the complex vector space
Hom_H(St, C)
which was previously known to be finite, and secondly we calculate this dimension for special symmetric pairs (G,H). For instance, the most interesting case for us is when G is a general linear group and H is an orthogonal subgroup of G.
Our method follows from the previous results of BroussousCourtès on Prasad's conjecture. The basic idea is to realize St as the Gspace of complex harmonic cochains on the BruhatTits building of G. Thus the problem is somehow reduced to the combinatorial geometry of BruhatTits buildings. This is a joint work with Chuijia Wang.
A word is an element in a free group. Given a word w and a group G, we have the word map defined by substitution. The set of values w(G) consists of the image of this map and the inverses of elements of the image. The width of the word w in the group G is the minimal constant C such that every element of <w(G)> can be expressed as the product of C elements of w(G).
The talk will be devoted to known results about width of words in certain linear groups, such as algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field, compact Lie groups, finite simple groups, general linear groups over a skew field, and Chevalley groups over commutative rings. The following recent result by the speaker will be discussed in detail:
Let Phi be an irreducible root system of rank at least 2. For every positive integer d there exists a constant C(Phi,d) such that for every ring R which is a localization of the ring of integers of a number field of degree d (if the root system Phi is C_2 or G_2 it is assumed additionally that the residue field of R is not F_2) the width of any word in the simply connected cover is at most C(Phi,d).
Let G<GL(V) be a finite group, and let V be a finitedimensional vector space over a field F. Then G acts as a group of automorphisms on S(V) ,the symmetric algebra of V.
We shall consider the following question: When is S(V)^G, the subring of G invariants, a polynomial ring? This had been completely settled by ShephardTodd ChevalleySerre, if (char F,G)=1,and is still open otherwise.
We shall describe our recent solution to this problem for G< SL(V).
As an application we shall present the connection between isolated quotient singularities S(V)^G, when char F > 0, and their complex counterparts.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Associative central simple algebras are a classical subject, related to many areas of study including Galois cohomology and algebraic geometry. An associative central simple algebra is a form of matrices because a maximal étale subalgebra acts on the algebra faithfully by left and right multiplication. In an attempt to extract and isolate the full potential of this point of view, we study nonassociative algebras whose nucleus contains an étale subalgebra biacting faithfully on the algebra. We show that these algebras, termed semiassociative, are forms of a nonassociative analogue of matrix algebras. Finally, we consider the monoid composed of semiassociative algebras modulo the nonassociative matrix algebras, and discuss its connection to the classical Brauer group.
Joint work with Darrell Haile, Eliyahu Matzri, Edan Rein and Uzi Vishne.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The Schmidt rank/strength of a polynomial is an algebraic measure of its nondegeneracy. It has proven very useful for studying questions regarding polynomials of fixed degree in arbitrarily many variables: Schmidt used it to count integer solutions for systems of polynomial equations with rational coefficients, Green and Tao used it to investigate the distribution of values of polynomials over finite fields, and Ananyan and Hochster used it to prove Stillman's conjecture on projective dimension of ideals in polynomial rings. A central tool in all these applications is a relationship between Schmidt rank/strength of a polynomial and a geometric measure of its nondegeneracy  the codimension of the singular locus of the polynomial. I will present a recent result on quantitative bounds for this relationship and discuss some related results and questions.
Joint work with David Kazhdan and Alexander Polishchuk.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Over any ring, any bounded above acyclic cochain complex of projectives is nullhomotopic. Similarly, any bounded below acyclic cochain complex of injectives is nullhomotopic. In this talk we consider dual problems, and relate them to the finitistic dimension conjecture, and many other major open problems in homological algebra.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let G be the F points of a connected reductive group defined over a local field F of characteristic 0. By HarishChandra’s regularity theorem, every character Θ(π) of an irreducible representation π of G is given by a locally integrable function f_π on G. It turns out that f_π has even better integrability properties, namely, it is locally L^{1+r}integrable for some r>0. This gives rise to a new singularity invariant of representations \e_π.
We explore \e_π, and determine it in the case of a padic GL(n). This is done by studying integrability properties of Fourier transforms of nilpotent orbital integrals. As a main technical tool, we use a resolution of singularities algorithm coming from the theory of hyperplane arrangements. As an application, we obtain bounds on the multiplicities of Ktypes in irreducible representations of G in the padic case, where K is an open compact subgroup.
The talk will be accessible to nonrepresentation theorists.
Based on a joint work with Itay Glazer and Julia Gordon.
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Demushkin groups play an important rule in number theory, being the maximal prop Galois groups of local fields. In 1996 Labute presented a generalization of the theory for countably infinite rank prop groups, and proved that the pSylow subgroups of the absolute Galois groups of local fields are Demushkin groups of infinite countable rank. These results were extended by Minac & Ware, who gave necessary and sufficient conditions for Demushkin groups of infinite countable rank to occur as absolute Galois groups.
In a joint work with Prof. Nikolay Nikolov, we extended this theory to Demushkin groups of uncountable rank. Since for uncountable cardinals there are the maximal possible number of nondegenerate bilinear forms, the class of Demushkin groups of uncountable rank is much richer, and in particular, the groups are not determined completely by their invariants, in contrast to the countable case.
We present some results about the structure of Demushkin groups of uncountable rank, as well as equivalent conditions for being a Demushkin group, and investigate their ability to be realized as absolute Galois groups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
In 1927, E. Artin solved Hilbert’s 17th problem and showed that real positive definite forms are exactly the quotients of sums of squares of forms, but did not provide any bound on the number of squares appearing in such sums. In 1967, A. Pfister showed for every natural number n that all positive definite forms in R(X_1, …, X_n) are sums of 2^n squares. When restricting to quadratic forms, this bound is easily seen not to be optimal. In this talk, based on joint work with K. J. Becher, a sharper bound is presented for the products of positive definite real quadratic forms in n variables, for certain n.
More precisely, we use methods from classical quadratic form theory to show, for any natural k, that the product of two positive definite quadratic forms in R[X_1, …, X_n], where n = 2^{k+1} + 1, is the sum of (3n1)/2 squares of rational functions in R(X_1, …, X_n).
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
We study Lie algebras of vector fields on smooth affine curves with a trivial tangent bundle. These Lie algebras consist of multiples of one derivation and are simple. It was proven by A. Dubouloz, B. Kunyavskii and A. Regeta that the bracket width of such an algebra is strictly greater than one if the curve is not rational and has a unique place at infinity. We prove that the bracket widths of Lie algebras of vector fields on smooth affine curves with a trivial tangent bundle are less than or equal to 3, and less than or equal to 2 if the curve is planar. So we construct examples of simple Lie algebras with bracket width equal to 2.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The irreducible modules in the blocks of a tower of Hecke algebras of rank e are labeled by certain multipartitions called eregular. The bestknown case is for blocks of the symmetric groups over a field of characteristic p, where the rank e is p, and the multipartitions are just partitions. In general, the eregular multipartions are generated recursively.
We consider a crystal in which the vertices are blocks, generated by Chevalley generators f_i. If we restrict to a face generated by f_1 and f_2 for e>2, we can give a nonrecursive criterion for a multipartition to be eregular.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
A group automorphism f: G —> G induces the action g \cdot x=gx f(g)^{1} on G. The orbits of such action are called twisted conjugacy classes (also known as Reidemeister classes). The number of such classes for a fixed automorphism is called its Reidemeister number.
One reason for the interest in Reidemeister numbers is that they might give information on the number of fixed points of continuous selfmaps of manifolds. One of the main goals in the area is to classify groups where all classes are infinite. For groups not having such property, one is interested in the possible sizes of the classes. In this talk, we will discuss how zeta functions of groups can be used to determine these (finite) sizes for certain nilpotent groups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let G be a connected reductive group over a global field F (a number field or a global function field). Let M=\pi_1(G) denote the *algebraic fundamental group* of G, which is a certain finitely generated abelian group endowed with an action of the absolute Galois group Gal(F^s/F). Using and generalizing a result of Tate for tori, we give a closed formula for the Galois cohomology set H^1(F,G) in terms of the Galois module M and the Galois cohomology sets H^1(F_v,G) for the *real* places v of F.
Moreover, let T be an Ftorus and let M=\pi_1(T)=X_*(T) denote the cocharacter group of T. We give a closed formula for H^2(F,T) in terms of the Galois module M.
This is a joint work with Tasho Kaletha: https://arxiv.org/abs/2303.04120
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
An electrical network is a graph in a disk with positive
weights on edges. The set of response matrices of a (compactified) set
of electrical networks admits an embedding into the totally
nonnegative Grassmannian $\mathrm{Gr}_{\geq 0}(n1,2n)$. I will talk
about a new parameterization of the space of electrical networks which
defines an embedding into the Grassmannian $\mathrm{Gr}(n1,V)$, where
$V$ is a certain subspace of dimension $2n2$ and moreover an
embedding into the totally nonnegative Lagrangian Grassmannian
$\mathrm{LG}_{\geq 0}(n1)\subset\mathrm{Gr}(n1,V).$ The latter
allows us to connect the combinatorics of the space of electrical
networks with the representation theory of the symplectic group. The
talk is based on the joint work with V. Gorbounov, A. Kazakov and D.
Talalaev.
Let $\Theta$ be an arbitrary variety of algebras and $\Theta^0$ the category of all free finitely generated algebras in $\Theta$ .
The group $Aut(\Theta^0)$ of automorphisms of the category $\Theta^0$ plays an important role in universal algebraic geometry. It turns out that for a wide class of varieties, the group $Aut(\Theta^0)$ can be decomposed into a product of the subgroup $Inn(\Theta^0)$ of inner automorphisms and the subgroup $St(\Theta^0)$ of strongly stable automorphisms.
In this talk we would like to give some clarifying remarks describing the place of $\Theta$ and $Aut(\Theta^0)$ in the general set up of the universal algebraic geometry. Then we present the method of verbal operations which provides a machinery to calculate the group $St(\Theta^0)$ and discuss some new results concerning the group of strongly stable automorphisms for the variety of nonassociative algebras with unit.
Let G be a linear algebraic group over a field k. Recall that a Gtorsor E>X, where X is a kvariety, is said to be weakly versal if every Gtorsor over a kfield is a specialization of E>X. It is called versal, resp. strongly versal, when such specializations are abundant in a welldefined sense. Versal torsors are important to the study of essential dimension and also to cohomological invariants.
I will present some recent results about the existence of Gtorsors admitting even stronger versality properties. For example, for every d>=0 there exist Gtorsors which specialize to any torsor over an affine ddimensional kscheme, and such specializations are "abundant". Moreover, some algebraic groups even admit torsors which specialize to all torsors over all affine kschemes; we characterize these groups when k is of char.0 as the unipotent groups.
Some applications to finiteness of the symbol length of local rings will also be discussed.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Every commutative ring R with 1 is naturally embedded into the direct product of the localizations of R at its maximal ideals. This construction is very useful for different problems in Chevalley groups over rings. We will talk about two applications: description of automorphisms and isomorphisms of Chevalley groups over arbitrary rings and double centralizers of elementary unipotent elements in these groups. We will also mention the Diophantine problem in Chevalley groups, its proof uses the double centralizers theorem.
The famous PoincaréBirkhoffWitt theorem states that there is a canonical filtration on the universal enveloping algebra of any Lie algebra such that the associated graded algebra is isomorphic to a symmetric algebra of the underlying space. I will explain what one can say about the PBW property for different algebraic structures, such as preLie algebras, Poisson algebras, algebras admitting a pair of compatible Lie brackets, and many others.
Moreover, I will explain a necessary and sufficient condition for the PBW property using the language of (colored) operads and Gröbner basis machinery.
All necessary definitions will be recalled during the talk.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Given a group G acting on a set X, an element g of G is called a derangement if it acts without fixed points on X. The BostonShalev conjecture, proved by Fulman and Guralnick, asserts that in a finite simple group G acting transitively on X, the proportion of derangements is at least some absolute constant c > 0. We will first give an introduction to the subject, highlighting some connections with number theory. Then, we will see a version of this conjecture for the proportion of *conjugacy classes* containing derangements in finite groups of Lie type. Joint work with Sean Eberhard.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
See attached file
A word w of letters on edges of the underlying graph of a deterministic
finite automaton (DFA) is called synchronizing if w sends all states of
the automaton to a unique state.
J. Černy discovered in 1964 a sequence of nstate complete DFA
possessing a minimal synchronizing word of length (n1)^2.
The hypothesis, well known today as the Černy conjecture, formulated in 1966 by Starke, claims that the precise upper bound on the length of a synchronizing word for a complete DFA is (n1)^2. An effort to prove the Černy conjecture is presented in PowerPoint on flash drive.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Suppose a finite group satisfies the following property: If you take two random elements, then with probability bigger than 5/8 they commute. Then this group is commutative.
Starting from this wellknown result, it is natural to ask: Do similar results hold for other laws (pgroups, nilpotent groups...)? Are there analogous results for infinite groups? Are there phenomena specific to the infinite setup?
We will survey known and new results in this area. New results are joint with Gideon Amir, Maria Gerasimova and Gady Kozma.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
In recent years there has been growing interest in realizing the collection of Langlands parameters in various settings as a moduli space with a geometric structure. In particular, in the padic Langlands program, this space should come in two different forms of moduli spaces of (phi,Gamma)modules: there is the Banach stack (also called the EmertonGee stack) and the analytic stack. In this talk, I will present a proof of a recent conjecture of Emerton, Gee, and Hellmann concerning the overconvergence of étale (phi,Gamma)modules in families, which gives a link between the two different moduli spaces.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The growth of an infinitedimensional algebra is a fundamental tool to 'measure its infinitude'. Growth of algebras plays an important role in noncommutative geometry, representation theory, differential algebraic geometry, symbolic dynamics and various homological stability results in number theory and arithmetic geometry.
We analyze the space of growth functions of algebras, answering a question of Zelmanov on the existence of certain holes in this space. We then prove a strong quantitative version of the Kurosh Problem on algebraic algebras.
An important property implied by subexponential growth (both for groups and for algebras) is amenability. We show that minimal subshifts of positive entropy give rise to amenable graded algebras of exponential growth, answering a conjecture of Bartholdi (naturally extending a wide open conjecture of Vershik on amenable group rings).
Finally, we discuss sofic algebras, that is, algebras which can be approximated by almostrepresentations. We answer a question of Arzhantseva and Paunescu on soficity and stable finiteness, and discuss the connection with the soficity of groups.
This talk is partially based on joint works with J. Bell and with E. Zelmanov.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let F be a nonarchimedean local field of residue characteristic p. The smooth representation theory of GL_2(F) over characteristic p fields is qualitatively different from that over the fields of other characteristics. For example, over coefficient fields of characteristic p, a compact induction from a compact open subgroup can have infinitely many supercuspidal quotients (after fixing a central character). Further, there exist irreducible representations of GL_2(F) which are not admissible. Such examples of representations for F unramified over Q_p were constructed by Breuil, Paskunas, and Le using the theory of diagrams. In this talk, we will consider a specific type of diagram, called cyclic diagram, which allows us to construct such examples for any local field F whose residue field properly contains F_p. This is based on joint work with Eknath Ghate and Daniel Le.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The Burnside problem asks if finitely generated groups with identity x^n = 1 are necessarily finite. In general, the answer is negative if the exponent n is large enough. The first negative solution for odd n at least 4381 was given by Novikov and Adian in 1968. Using different methods, this result was also proved by Olshanskii in 1982 for n > 10^10. The proof of Novikov and Adian is combinatorial, while the proof of Olshanskii is based on geometric considerations. We present a proof of the Burnside problem for odd exponents based on new combinatorial ideas, which is relatively short and works for relatively small odd exponents.
Joint work with E. Rips and K. Tent.
Inverse Galois theory, a topic initiated by Hilbert and Noether, is traditionally studied over fields. Yet Galois theory of fields has been generalized to division rings, by Bourbaki, Cartan, Jacobson, etc. In this talk, we will present several methods to produce Galois extensions of division rings with specified Galois groups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let F / Q_p be a finite extension. In contrast to the situation for complex representations, very little is known about the irreducible supercuspidal mod p representations of GL_n(F), except in the case GL_2(Q_p). If F / Q_p is unramified and r is a generic irreducible twodimensional mod p representation of the absolute Galois group of F, then nearly 15 years ago Breuil and Paskunas gave a beautiful construction of an infinite family of diagrams giving rise to supercuspidal mod p representations of GL_2(F) with GL_2(O_F)socle consistent with the BreuilMézard conjecture for r. While their construction is not exhaustive, various localglobal compatibility results obtained by a number of mathematicians in the intervening years indicate that it is sufficiently general to capture the mod p local Langlands correspondence for generic Galois representations.
In this talk we will review the ideas mentioned above and discuss how to move beyond them to consider ramified padic fields F, or nongeneric representations r for unramified F. We will describe a simple construction of supercuspidal representations for certain ramified F and generic r; while this is the first such example for ramified F, it involves a breakage of symmetry that makes it unlikely to shed light on the local Langlands correspondence for r. We then discuss works in progress with Ariel Weiss and with Reem Waxman that aim to give a “correct” generalization of the BreuilPaskunas construction. A new feature is that we work with the category of mod p representations of GL_2(R), where R is a quotient ring of O_F that is larger than the residue field.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let f=(f_1,...,f_m) be an mtuple of polynomials with integer coefficients in n variables. We study the number of solutions #{x:f(x)=y mod p^k} where y is an mtuple of integers, and show that the geometry and singularities of the fibers of the map f:C^n>C^m determine the asymptotic behavior of this quantity as p, k and y vary.
In particular, we show that f:C^n>C^m is flat with fibers of rational singularities, a property abbreviated (FRS), if and only if #{x:f(x)=y mod p^k}/p^{k(nm)} is uniformly bounded in p, k and y. We then consider a natural family of singularity properties, which are variants of the (FRS) property, and provide each member of this family a number theoretic characterization using the asymptotics of #{x:f(x)=y mod p^k}/p^{k(nm)}.
In order to prove our results, we use tools from the theory of motivic integration to effectively study the collection {#{x:f(x)=y mod p^k}/p^{k(nm)}} in a uniform way.
Based on a joint work with Raf Cluckers and Itay Glazer.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Suppose S is a nonidentity Sylow psubgroup of a finite group G and H is the normalizer of S in G. A classic theorem of Burnside asserts that if S is abelian, then G has a normal pcomplement if and only if H has a normal pcomplement. More generally, G has a normal subgroup with a quotient group of order p if and only if H has one; in this case, G is not a nonabelian simple group. There are analogous results in which p > 3, S is an arbitrary pgroup, and H is replaced by the normalizer of some nonidentity characteristic subgroup of S. In this talk, we plan to discuss some new related results and open problems for p > 3 as well as for p = 3.
https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The notion of a vector majorization arose independently in a variety of contexts in the early 20th century. These contexts are Muirhead’s inequality, economical contexts (the Lorenz curve and Dalton principle), linear algebra (Schur’s work on the Hadamard inequality), and many others. There are several ways to extend the notion of vector majorizations to matrices. Different types of matrix majorizations have been motivated by different applications in the theory of statistical experiments, economics, stochastic matrices, and others. The modern theory of matrix majorization is related to linear algebra, linear optimization, statistics, convex geometry, and combinatorics.
The talk will cover several aspects of the theory of majorizations, including our recent results. In particular, we discuss majorization for matrix classes motivated by applications to the theory of statistical experiments, a problem of finding minimal cover classes, restricts of majorizations to (0,1)matrices and (0,1,1)matrices, which leads to a wide range of combinatorial results, and linear preserver problems.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Jacobians of CM curves are abelian varieties with a particularly large endomorphism algebra, which provides them with a rich arithmetic structure. The motivating question for the results in this talk is whether we can find hyperelliptic and nonhyperelliptic curves with maximal CM by a given order whose Jacobians are isogenous.
Joint work with Sorina Ionica, and Jeroen Sijsling considers this question in genus 3 by using the catalogue of CM fields in the LMFDB, and found a (small) list of such isogenous Jacobians. This talk describes the main constructions, some results, and Shimura class groups.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let A be a finitedimensional algebra over a number field and let Lambda be an order in A. Under certain hypothesis on A, we give an efficient algorithm that given two Lambdalattices X and Y, determines whether X and Y are isomorphic, and if so, computes an explicit isomorphism X > Y. As an application, we give an algorithm for the following longstanding problem: given a positive integer n and two n x n integral matrices A and B, determine whether A and B are similar over Z, and if so, return a matrix C in GL_n(Z) such that B= CAC^1. This is joint work with Werner Bley and Tommy Hofmann. The preprint is available here: https://arxiv.org/abs/2202.03526
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Given a smooth, geometrically connected and projective curve C defined over a finite field k, let K=k(C) be the function field of rational functions on C. The Tamagawa number \tau(G) of a semisimple Kgroup G is defined as the covolume of the discrete group G(K) (embedded diagonally) in the adelic group G(A) with respect to the Tamagawa measure. The Weil conjecture, recently proved by Gaitsgory and Lurie, states that if G is simplyconnected then \tau(G)=1.
Our aim is to prove, without relying on the Weil conjecture, the following fact:
Let G be a quasisplit inner form of a split semisimple and simplyconnected Kgroup G_1. Then \tau(G)=\tau(G_1).
This Theorem can serve as an alternative proof to the Weil conjecture.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The talk is based on joint works with Mikhail Budrevich and Constantine Taranin.
Two important functions in matrix theory, the determinant and the permanent, have similar definitions. However, while the determinant may be computed in polynomial time, it is an open question whether fast algorithms computing the permanent exist. Therefore, any bounds on the permanent are of interest.
The class of matrices with entries 1 and 1 is very important in algebra, combinatorics, and their various applications. In 1974, Wang posed the problem of finding an upper bound for the permanent of a (1, 1)matrix. This problem has appeared in several monographs and survey papers. Kräuter later made a conjecture about the form of this bound.
In this talk we present a complete solution of Wang’s problem, obtained by proving Kräuter’s conjecture. In particular, we characterize the matrices with the maximal possible permanent among the matrices of a given rank.
Also, we will discuss the permanents of (0,1)matrices. In 1965, Brualdi and Newman showed that every integer in the interval [0,2^{n1}] is the permanent of some n x n (0,1)matrix. We improve their bound by showing that this is true for every integer in an interval somewhat larger than [0,2^n].
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
We introduce and study multivariate zeta functions enumerating subrepresentations of integral quiver representations and discuss their connections to various enumeration problems in algebra. This is joint work with Christopher Voll.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The dimension of the space of multilinear products of higher commutators is equal to the number of derangements, $[e^{1}n!]$.
Our search for a combinatorial explanation for this fact led us to study representations of left regular bands, whose resolution is obtained through analysis of cubical partial representations. There are applications in combinatorics, probability, and nonassociative algebra.
This is joint work with Guy Blachar and Louis Rowen.
The lecture is dedicated to Stuart Margolis on the occasion of his retirement, for repeatedly planting semigroup seeds in our minds.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Joint work with Yoav Segev.
``Fusion rules'' are laws of multiplication among eigenspaces of an idempotent. This terminology is relatively new and is closely related to axial algebras, introduced recently by Hall, Rehren and Shpectorov, defined as nonassociative algebras generated by semisimple idempotents of degree 3, satisfying fusion rules based on a natural 2grading . Axial algebras, in turn, are closely related to 3transposition groups and vertex operator algebras.
We introduce a noncommutative generalization of primitive axial algebras (PAJ for short), and show that they all have Jordan type. Extending the known theory, we bring in the fundamental notion of Miyamoto involutions, and the ensuing topology on the set
of primitive axes.
Accompanying this is the ``axial graph'' on a generating set of axes X, where two axes
are neighbors if and only if their product is nonzero. The axial graph aids us in
decomposing a PAJ into connected components. The PAJ's which are not commutative are easily described, implying that all PAJ's are flexible, and any PAJ is a direct product of noncommutative PAJ 's and a commutative PAJ .
We obtain a Frobenius form for any PAJ which is not quite unique, and prove some properties which previously had been axioms. We give a complete description of all axes of 2generated PAJ's, thereby enabling a solution of the question of whether primitive axes are conjugate.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Ramanujan in 1916 proved the following notable congruence
$$\tau(n)\equiv \sigma_{11}(n) \pmod{691}, \forall~ n\ge 1$$
between the two important arithmetic functions $\tau(n)$ and $\sigma_{11}(n)$. In other words, this says that there is a congruence between the cuspidal Hekce eigenform $\Delta(z)$ and the noncuspidal eigenform $E_{12}(z)$ modulo the prime $691$. Existence of such congruences opened the door for many modern developments in the theory of modular forms.
There are several wellknown ways to prove, interpret, and generalize Ramanujan's congruence. For newforms of prime level, some partial results about the existence of such congruences are known. Recently, using the theory of period polynomials, GabaPopa (under some technical assumptions) extended these results by determining also the AtkinLehner eigenvalue of the newform involved. In this talk, we refine the result of GabaPopa under a mild assumption by using completely different ideas. More precisely, we establish congruences modulo certain primes between a cuspidal newform and an Eisenstein series of weight k and prime level. The main ingredients to establish our result are some classical theorems from the theory of Galois representations attached to newforms. As an application, we derive a lower bound for the largest degree of the coefficients field among Hecke eigenforms. This is joint work with A. Kumar, P. Moree and S. K. Singh.
It was shown by M. Bhargava and P. Harron that for n=3,4,5, the shapes of rings of integers of S_nnumber fields of degree n become equidistributed in a certain homogeneous space when the fields are ordered by absolute discriminant. We present a family of analogous distribution questions in some family of torus bundles over the aforementioned homogeneous space and discuss their answers. Our main tool is a new high dimensional equidistribution result in the flavor of Weyl's equidistribution theorem and the work of BhargavaHarron.
The details of this work appear in the ArXiv preprint
https://arxiv.org/abs/2201.10942
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Our aim is to study topological minimality of some natural matrix groups. We show that the special upper triangular group SUT(n, F) is minimal for every local field F of characteristic distinct from 2. This result is new even for the field R of reals and it leads to some important consequences. We prove criteria for the
minimality and total minimality of the special linear group SL(n, F), where F is a subfield of a local field. One of our main applications is a characterization of
Fermat primes, which asserts that for an odd prime p the following conditions are equivalent:
(1) p is a Fermat prime;
(2) SL(p − 1,Q) is minimal, where Q is the field of rationals equipped with the
padic topology;
(3) SL(p − 1,Q(i)) is minimal, where Q(i) ⊂ C is the Gaussian rational field.
https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let $G$ be a group. Let $g(k,n)$ be the maximum number of lengthn words over an arbitrary kletter subset within $G$. How does $g(k,n)$ behave? Obviously $g(k,n)$ is at most $k^n$, and SempleShalev proved that if $G$ is finitely generated and residually finite then $g(k,n)<k^n$ (for some, and hence for all sufficiently large k,n) if and only if G is virtually nilpotent. In this case, it is natural to ask how far can g(k,n) be from $k^n$. For k fixed and n ending to infinity, $g(k,n)$ grows polynomially.
Our grouptheoretic result is a quantification of the SempleShalev Theorem at the other extreme, where $k=\Theta(n)$. Specifically, for a finitely generated residually finite group G, $lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} g(n,n)/n^n$ is either zero, if and only if G is virtually abelian, or at least 4/5, which is sharp for G being (any) Heisenberg group; for higher free nilpotent groups, this limit is 1.
Along the way, we encounter the following combinatorial problem. The 'pair histogram' of a function $f\colon [n]\rightarrow [n]$ is the data consisting of the quantities $#\{(i,j)i\leq j, f(i)=a, f(j)=b\}$ for each $a,b\in [n]$. What is the probability that a uniformly random function is uniquely determined by its pair histogram? The answer converges to 2/3, and we moreover calculate the limit distribution of the number of sources of pair histograms.
We also interpret our results by means of random lattice paths in $\mathbb{Z}^n$ and their projected polygons, and provide a modeltheoretic characterization (by means of free submodels and polynomial identities) of having suboptimal $g(k,n)$, which is valid in various classes of algebraic structures.
This is a joint work with Hagai Lavner.
https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
See abstract in the attached pdf file.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Let $F$ be a field with absolute Galois group $G_F$, $p$ be a prime, and $\mu_{p^e}$ be the $G_F$module of roots of unity of order dividing $p^e$ in a fixed algebraic closure of $F$.
Let $\alpha \in H^n(F,\mu_{p^e}^{\otimes n})$ be a symbol (i.e $\alpha=a_1\cup \dots \cup a_n$ where $a_i\in H^1(F, \mu_{p^e})$) with effective exponent $p^{e1}$ (that is $p^{e1}\alpha=0 \in H^n(G_F,\mu_p^{\otimes n})$. In this work we show how to write $\alpha$ as a sum of symbols from $H^n(F,\mu_{p^{e1}}^{\otimes n})$. If $n>3$ and $p\neq 2$ we assume $F$ is prime to $p$ closed.
I will describe my work (some joint with I. DanCohen) to extend the computational boundary of Kim's nonabelian Chabauty's method beyond the highlystudied Quadratic Chabauty. Faltings' Theorem says that the number of rational points on curves of higher genus is finite, and nonabelian Chabauty provides a blueprint both for proving this finiteness and for computing the sets of rational points. We first review classical ChabautyColeman, which does the same but works only for certain curves. Then we describe Kim's nonabelian generalization, which replaces abelian varieties in ChabautyColeman by Selmer groups (a kind of Galois cohomology) and eventually "nonabelian" Selmer varieties. Finally, we describe recent work in attempting to compute these sets using the theory of Tannakian categories.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The concept of Hausdorff dimension was defined in the 1930s and
was originally applied to fractals and shapes in nature. However, from the
work of Abercrombie, Barnea and Shalev in the 1990s, the computation of
the Hausdorff dimensions in profinite groups has been made possible.
Starting with Abert and Virag's wellknown result that there are groups
acting on a rooted tree with all possible Hausdorff dimensions,
mathematicians have been interested in computing the Hausdorff dimensions
of explicit families of groups acting on rooted trees, and in particular,
of the socalled branch groups. Branch groups first appeared in the
context of the Burnside problem, where they delivered the first explicit
examples of finitely generated infinite torsion groups. Since then, branch
groups have gone on to play a key role in group theory and beyond. In this
talk, we will survey known results concerning the Hausdorff dimensions of
branch groups, in particular mentioning some recent joint work Gustavo
FernandezAlcober and Sukran Gul.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
In this talk I will describe some new computations of the second bounded cohomology (with trivial real coefficients) of a large class of groups of homeomorphisms of 1manifolds. I will also discuss applications of this to some problems concerning the spectrum of stable commutator length of finitely presented groups and simplicial volume of manifolds. This is joint work with Francesco FournierFacio.
(Graded) Submodule zeta functions are complex functions that are associated to an algebra of endomorphisms of a module. Pattern algebras are examples of such algebras of endomorphisms. In this talk, I will introduce these terms and discuss some properties of the (graded) submodule zeta functions associated to pattern algebras. I will also explain how the results for pattern algebras relate to general conjectures about submodule zeta functions.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
Recall that every division algebra over a number field is cyclic. In this talk, we will show a higher dimensional analogue of this classical fact. More precisely, let $F$ be the function field of a curve over a nonarchimedean local field. Let $m \geq 2$ be an integer coprime to the characteristic of the residue field. We will show that every element in $H^{3}(F, \mu_{m}^{\otimes 2})$ is a symbol. This extends a result of Parimala and Suresh where they show this when $m$ is prime and under the assumption that $F$ contains a primitive $m^{th}$ root of unity.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87856132062
Meeting ID: 878 5613 2062
The strong form of Serre's conjecture states that every twodimensional continuous, odd, irreducible mod p representation of the absolute Galois group of Q arises from a modular form of a specific minimal weight, level and character. In this talk we show the minimal weight is equal to a notion of minimal weight inspired by work of Buzzard, Diamond and Jarvis. Moreover, using the BreuilMézard conjecture we give a third interpretation of this minimal weight as the smallest k>1 such that the representation has a crystalline lift of HodgeTate type (0, k1). After discussing the interplay between these three characterisations of minimal weight in the more general setting of Galois representations over totally real fields, we investigate its consequences for generalised Serre conjectures.
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/89571187014
We define a class of multivariate rational functions associated with
hyperplane arrangements called flag HilbertPoincaré series, and we show that
these rational functions are closely related to enumeration problems
from algebra. We report on a general selfreciprocity result and explore
other connections within algebraic combinatorics via Hilbert series of
StanleyReisner rings. This is joint work with Christopher Voll.
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Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Maglione
Time: Jun 2, 2021 10:30 AM Jerusalem
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/81198490507
Meeting ID: 811 9849 0507
Let R be a noetherian (commutative) ring of Krull dimension d. A classical theorem of Forster states that a rankn locally free Rmodule can be generated by n+d elements. Swan and Chase observed that this upper bound cannot be improved in general. I will discuss a joint work with Zinovy Reichstein and Ben Williams where similar upper and lower bounds are obtained for Ralgebras, provided that R is of finite type over an infinite field k. For example, every Azumaya Ralgebra of degree n (i.e. an nbyn matrix algebra bundle over Spec R) can be generated by floor(d/(n1))+2 elements, and there exist degreen Azumaya algebras over ddimensional rings which cannot be generated by fewer than floor(d/(2n2))+2 elements. The proof reinterprets the problem as a question on "how well" certain algebraic spaces approximate the classifying stack of the automorphism scheme of the algebra in question.
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Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  First
Time: Mar 10, 2021 10:30 AM Jerusalem
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https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87964715372
Meeting ID: 879 6471 5372
The talk will be split into two parts. The first will be about the notion of HasseSchmidt derivation on a classical exterior algebra, which I introduced years ago to deal with Schubert calculus for complex Grassmannians. In this first part, I will focus on the purely combinatorial features of the construction suited to be transferred in the second part of the talk, concerned with some joint work in progress with Louis Rowen and Adam Chapman. The new framework will be the more general one of Rowen's monoidal triples. We will analyze a few weaker notions of exterior semialgebra and how much of the theory discussed in the first part can be extended to this more demanding situation. The kind of results proposed suggests the possibility of extending a classical part of representation theory coming from the theory of infinitedimensional integrable systems, which will be briefly discussed while highlighting its promising potential.
A key goal of the Langlands program is to attach Galois representations to automorphic representations. In general, there are two methods to construct these representations. The first, and the most effective, is to extract the Galois representation from the étale cohomology of a suitable Shimura variety. However, most Galois representations cannot be constructed in this way. The second, more general, method is to construct the Galois representation, via its corresponding pseudocharacter, as a padic limit of Galois representations constructed using the first method.
In this talk, I will give an expository overview of the second method. I will then demonstrate how this construction can be refined by using V. Lafforgue’s Gpseudocharacters in place of classical pseudocharacters. As an application, I will prove that the Galois representations attached to certain irregular automorphic representations of U(a,b) are odd, generalising a result of BellaïcheChenevier in the regular case. This work is joint with Tobias Berger.
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Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Weiss
Time: Jan 20, 2021 10:30 AM Jerusalem
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Meeting ID: 812 9438 6230
Passcode: 233810
A conic is the SeveriBrauer variety of a quaternion algebra Q, and the question of which anisotropic quadratic forms become isotropic over the function field F_Q of a conic has puzzled algebraists for the last three decades. An anisotropic quadratic form is F_Qminimal if it becomes isotropic over F_Q but any proper subform remains anisotropic. Minimal forms are known to have odd dimension, and examples of minimal forms of any odd dimension were constructed by Hoffmann and Van Geel in characteristic not 2. In this talk, we shall discuss the new analogous examples in characteristic 2 and dimensions 5 and 7. The 7dimensional example also gives rise to a degree 8 algebra with involution that has $Q$ as a factor as a central simple algebra but not as an algebra with involution. The talk is based on recent joint work with Anne QuéguinerMathieu.
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Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Chapman
Time: Dec 30, 2020 10:30 AM Jerusalem
Meeting ID: 841 3979 5965
Passcode: 795644
A representation zeta function of a group G is a (meromorphic continuation of) a Dirichlet series in a complex variable s whose nth coefficient is the number of irreducible representations of dimension n of G (supposing that these numbers are finite). In 2006 JaikinZapirain proved one of the most fundamental results in the area, namely that if G is a FAb compact padic analytic group (e.g., SL_n(Z_p)) and p > 2, then the representation zeta function of G is "virtually rational" in p^{s}. Two reasons why such a result is interesting is that it immediately implies meromorphic continuation of the zeta function and that its abscissa of convergence is a rational number.
In the talk, I will explain what FAb and "virtually rational" mean here and outline recent joint work with M. Zordan on a new proof of JaikinZapirain's theorem, valid for all primes p. In particular, this also settles a conjecture of JaikinZapirain that the result holds for p = 2. The proof involves projective representations of finite groups as well as a rationality result from the model theory of the padic numbers. Such model theoretic rationality results have been proved and used by Hrushovski, Martin, Rideau and Cluckers to establish, among other things, rationality of twist representation zeta functions of nilpotent groups (counting representations up to onedimensional twists). Our techniques extend to also prove virtual rationality of twist representation zeta functions of groups such as GL_n(Z_p).
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Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Stasinski
Time: Dec 16, 2020 11:00 AM Jerusalem
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Meeting ID: 822 2968 4281
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Let A>B be a local homomorphism of (commutative) Noetherian local rings. Bart de Smit conjectured in the late 1990's that if A and B have the same embedding dimension, then any finitely generated Bmodule that is flat over A, is flat over B. This conjecture was proved in 2017 and allows one in some situations to dispense with patching in the techniques à la Wiles to prove modularity lifting theorems (e.g. in the proof of FLT). We generalize this result as follows: if M is a finitely generated Bmodule whose flat dimension over A satisfies flat dim_A(M) \leq edim(A)edim(B), then M is free as a Bmodule. If moreover M is nonzero this forces the morphism A>B to be a special type of complete intersection. This provides by the way a new and simpler proof of de Smit's conjecture. This is joint work with Srikanth Iyengar and Chandrashekhar Khare.
We present the congruence kernel problem for endomorphism rings of finitely generated projective modules, and give it a positive answer in the case of faithful modules over commutative rings.
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Topic: BarIlan Algebra Seminar  BarOn
Time: Nov 18, 2020 10:30 AM Jerusalem
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Meeting ID: 883 5594 7298
Passcode: order of A_9
In 1960, Graham Higman formulated his famous PORC conjecture in relation to the function f(p,n) counting the isomorphism classes of pgroups of order p^n . By means of explicit formulas, the PORC conjecture has been verified for n < 8. Despite that, it is still open and has in recent years been questioned. I will discuss (generalizations of) an example of du Sautoy and VaughanLee (2012), together with a conceptualization of the phenomena they observe. Hidden heroes of this story turn out to be Hessian matrices and torsion points of elliptic curves. This is joint work with Christopher Voll.
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Michael Schein is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Stanojkovski
Time: Nov 4, 2020 10:30 AM Jerusalem
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Meeting ID: 871 3155 0161
Password: Order of the group A_10
Given a finite set of Brauer classes B of a fixed period \ell, we define eind(B) to be the minimum of degrees of field extensions L/F such that b \otimes_F L = 0 for every b in B. We provide upper bounds for eind(B) which depend on invariants of fields of lower arithmetic complexity, for B in the Brauer group of a semiglobal field. As a simple application of our result, we obtain an upper bound for the splitting index of quadratic forms and finiteness of symbol length for function fields of curves over higherlocal fields.
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The Serre weight conjectures are conjectures that, roughly
speaking, predict the weight of a modular form from which a given mod p
Galois representation arises. Starting from Serre's original conjecture
for classical modular forms, I will give a motivated approach towards
correct generalisations of the Serre weight conjectures to Hilbert
modular forms. Then I'll talk about new results giving a more explicit
version of the weight conjectures for Hilbert modular forms.
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Michael Schein is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Steinmetz
Time: Aug 26, 2020 10:20 AM Jerusalem
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Meeting ID: 318 532 3623
Passcode: 142857
The notion of admissibility of representations of padic groups
goes back to HarishChandra. Jacquet and Vigneras have shown that
smooth irreducible representations of connected reductive padic
groups over algebraically closed fields of characteristic different
from p are admissible.
The smooth irreducible representations of $\mathrm{GL}_2({\mathbb Q}_p)$
over $\bar{\mathbb F}_p$ are also known to be admissible, by the
work of BarthelLivne, Breuil and Berger. However, recently Daniel Le
constructed nonadmissible smooth irreducible representations of
$\mathrm{GL}_2({\mathbb Q}_{p^f})$ over $\bar{\mathbb F}_p$
for f > 2, where ${\mathbb Q}_{p^f}$ is the unramified extension
of ${\mathbb Q}_p$ of degree f. His construction uses a
diagram (in the sense of Breuil and Paskunas) attached to
an irreducible mod p representation of the Galois group of
${\mathbb Q}_{p^f}$.
We shall speak about a variant of Le's construction in the case f = 2
which uses instead a diagram attached to a reducible split representation
of the Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}_{p^2}$. This is joint work
with Mihir Sheth.
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Michael Schein is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: BIU Algebra Seminar  Ghate
Time: Aug 5, 2020 10:00 AM Jerusalem
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Our base field is an uncountable algebraically closed field (of any characteristic). We show that an affine space is determined by the abstract group structure of its regular automorphism group in the category of connected affine varieties. To prove this we use tools from birational geometry and study commutative subgroups of the group of automorphisms of affine varieties.
(This is joint work with Serge Cantat and Junyi Xie).
Gromov proved in 1981 that finitely generated groups of polynomial growth are virtually nilpotent. The Grigorchuk group and far reaching generalizations constructed upon it provide examples of groups with intermediate (namely, superpolynomial but subexponential) growth.
For finitely generated associative algebras, a much wider class of growth functions is possible. In particular, many functions, including intermediate growth functions and oscillating functions, are realizable as growth functions of algebras (Belov, BartholdiSmoktunowicz, others); nil algebras (which are analogs of Burnside groups) of polynomial growth exist (LenaganSmoktunowicz); using matrix wreath products, many intermediate growth functions can be realized in important classes of algebras, including nil rings (Zelmanov); any `sufficiently regular' growth function which is more rapid than $n^{\log n}$ is the growth function of a simple algebra (simple groups with intermediate growth were only recently constructed), and many intermediate growth function more rapid than $\exp(\sqrt(n))$ are the growth functions of finitely generated domains, yielding quotient division rings with interesting properties (in particular, amenable but of infinite GKtranscendence degree).
We present new results on possible (and impossible) growth functions of important classes of algebras, answer several open questions posed by experts in the area and survey the main open problems in the field.
Let C be an algebraic curve of genus g. An effective procedure to reduce any nonspecial divisor on C to an equivalent divisor composed of g points is suggested. The hyperelliptic case is considered as the simplest model. The advantage of the proposed procedure is its explicitness: all steps are realized through arithmetic operations on polynomials. The resulting reduced divisor is obtained in the form of the Jacobi inversion problem, which unambiguously defines the divisor. At the same time, values of abelian functions on the divisor are obtained.
We classify the types of root systems R in the rings of integers O_K of number fields K such that the Weyl
group W(R) lies in the group generated by field automorphisms and multiplications by nonzero elements of K.
We also classify number fields K such that the lattice O_K provided with a tracelike form is isometric or similar to a root lattice.
This is a report on a joint work with Vladimir Popov (Steklov Institute, Moscow).
We investigate profinite completions of nonstrongly complete profinite groups. We present and study the tower of profinite completions. Furthermore, we study how far a nonstrongly complete profinite group can be from being strongly complete, i.e. how many nonopen finiteindex subgroups it admits.
It is a classical fact that free (discrete) groups can be embedded in GL_2(Z). In 1987, Zubkov showed that for a nonabelian free prop group F^(p), the situation changes, and for every p > 2, groups of the form GL_2(R) satisfy a "prop identity." More formally, for every p > 2 there exists a nontrivial element g of F^(p) that vanishes under every (continuous) homomorphism F^(p) > GL_2(R), when R is a profinite commutative ring. In particular, when p > 2, F^(p) cannot be embedded in GL_2(R).
In 2005, inspired by the solution of the Specht problem, Zelmanov sketched a proof for the following generalization: if n is a natural number, then for every p >> n, GL_n(R) satisfies a "prop identity."
In the talk I will discuss Zelmanov's approach, its connection to the Specht problem, and its implications to the area of polynomial identities of Lie algebras. In addition, I will discuss a recent result regarding the case p = n = 2, saying that GL_2(R) satisfies a pro2 identity provided that char(R) = 2 (joint with E. Zelmanov).
See attached file.
A conjugacy limit group is the limit of a sequence of conjugates of the positive diagonal Cartan
subgroup, C \leq SL(n) in the Chabauty topology. Over R, the group C is naturally associated to a projective n1 simplex. We can compute the conjugacy limits of C by collapsing the n1 simplex in different ways. In low dimensions, we enumerate all possible ways of doing this. In higher dimensions we show there are infinitely many nonconjugate limits of C.
In the Q_p case, SL(n,Q_p) has an associated p+1 regular affine building. (We'll give a gentle introduction to buildings in the talk). The group C stabilizes and apartment in this building, and limits are contained in the parabolic subgroups stabilizing the facets in the spherical building at infinity. There is a strong interplay between the conjugacy limit groups and the geometry of the building, which we exploit to extend some of the results above. The Q_p part is joint work with Corina Ciobotaru and Alain Valette.
Let S be an integral domain with field of fractions F, and let A be an Falgebra. An Ssubalgebra R of A is called Snice if R lies over S and the localization of R with respect to S\{0} is A. Let X be the set of all Snice subalgebras of A. We define a notion of open sets on X which makes this set a T_0Alexandroff space. This enables us to study the algebraic structure of X from a topological point of view. We prove that an irreducible subset of X has a supremum with respect to the specialization order. We present equivalent conditions for an open set of X to be irreducible and characterize the irreducible components of X. We also characterize quasicompactness of subsets of a T_0Alexandroff topological space.
In 2014, Moshe Newman asked the following question: If two subgroups of a finite solvable group are isomorphic and one is a maximal proper subgroup of G, must the other also be a maximal proper subgroup of G? This question is still open. I plan to discuss recent results with Geoffrey Robinson that give some sufficient conditions for an affirmative answer.
For an algebra A over a unitary commutative ring k, we have the Hochschild homology HH_*(A). One use of it was a generalization of the modules of differential forms to noncommutative algebras. This gave us HDR_*(A), the noncommutative de Rham homology, developed by Alain Connes in his paper “Noncommutative differential geometry.” In that paper he also produced cyclic homology, HC_*(A), which is connected to both Hochschild and de Rham homology. The nicest connection between them is when k contains Q. Then we get the Karoubi exact sequence
0 —> HDR_n(A) —> HC_n(A) —> HH_{n+1}(A).
In the study of quantum groups, cyclic homology is generalized to twisted cyclic homology for a pair of an algebra together with a given kalgebra automorphism. I was able to extend Karoubi’s theorem to twisted cyclic homology and also to twisted cyclic homology for crossed product algebras (an algebra together with a group of kalgebra automorphisms). Another extension of cyclic homology is to coalgebras, producing a cyclic cohomology. One example would be the coalgebra of a Frobenius algebra.
Let p be a multilinear polynomial in several noncommuting variables, with coefficients in an arbitrary field K. Kaplansky conjectured that for any n, the image of p evaluated on the set M_n(K) of nxn matrices is a vector space. We settle the analogous conjecture for a quaternion algebra.
See attached file.
Over the decades that U(ZG), the unit group of the integral group ring of a finite group G, has been studied, many conjectures have been raised on how the structure of G influences the structure of subgroups of U(ZG). Though it often took considerable time, counterexamples for the strongest of these conjectures were found in the class of solvable groups. Contrary to this, the arithmetic properties of finite subgroups of U(ZG) are very restricted for solvable G. For instance, the orders of group elements and orders of torsion units u in U(ZG) coincide, under the natural assumption that u has augmentation 1.
A problem on these arithmetic properties, the Prime Graph Question for integral group rings, asks whether it is true that whenever U(ZG) contains an element of augmentation 1 and order pq, where p and q are distinct primes, that G must also contain an element of order pq. In contrast to other problems in the area, this question is known to have a reduction to almost simple groups.
Employing the combinatorics of Young tableaux and Brauer’s theory of blocks of defect 1 we show that when the Sylow psubgroup of G has order p, then U(ZG) contains an element of augmentation 1 and order pq, for any prime q, if and only if G contains an element of order pq. This directly answers the Prime Graph Question for 22 sporadic simple groups and also for infinite series of almost simple groups of Lie type.
This is joint work with M. Caicedo.
One of the most successful approaches to the inverse Galois problem over Q is via specialization of polynomials f(t,X) in two (or more) variables, or equivalently, specialization of Galois covers of the projective line. The fundamental underlying result, Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, ensures that this specialization process preserves the Galois group "most of the time".
In this talk, I will review a series of recent results under the following general question: Which kinds of "strong" versions of the inverse Galois problem can, or cannot be expected to be solved via a specialization approach as above?
Such strong versions include famous problems such as "Grunwald problems", "Malle's conjecture" on the distribution of Galois groups, and the "Qadmissibility conjecture" about Gcrossed product division algebras. (This being a survey talk, I will try to make it accessible for a broad audience.)
Let A be an algebra over a field k, and let G be a finite group. We say A is Ggraded if there are ksubspaces A_g for all g in G such that A is the direct sum of the subspaces A_g, and A_g A_h is contained in A_gh for all elements g,h of G. Finite group gradings play an important role in the study of finitedimensional division algebras and, more generally, in the study of finitedimensional central simple algebras. For example, crossed product algebras, which provide the bridge between Brauer groups and Galois cohomology, and symbol algebras, which provide the bridge between Brauer groups and Ktheory, are both naturally graded algebras.
We consider the following question: what are all possible (finite) group gradings on finitedimensional kcentral division algebras?
In this talk we give, by means of generic constructions, a complete answer in the case where the center k contains an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.
This work is joint with Eli Aljadeff and Yakov Karasik.
Every real algebraic variety determines a Voronoi decomposition of its ambient Euclidean space. Each Voronoi cell is a convex semialgebraic set in the normal space of the variety at a point. We compute the algebraic boundaries of these Voronoi cells. Using intersection theory, we give a formula for the degrees of the algebraic boundaries of Voronoi cells of curves and surfaces. We discuss an application to lowrank matrix approximation. This is joint work with Diego Cifuentes, Kristian Ranestad, and Bernd Sturmfels.
In 1981, Sansuc obtained a formula for Tamagawa numbers of reductive groups over number fields, modulo some then unknown results on the arithmetic of simply connected groups which have since been proven, particularly Weil's conjecture on Tamagawa numbers over number fields. One easily deduces that this same formula holds for all linear algebraic groups (not just reductive) over number fields. Sansuc's method still works to treat reductive groups in the function field setting, thanks to the recent resolution of Weil's conjecture in the function field setting by Lurie and Gaitsgory. However, due to the imperfection of function fields, the reductive case is very far from the general one; indeed, Sansuc's formula does not hold for all linear algebraic groups over function fields. We give a modification of Sansuc's formula that recaptures it in the number field case and also gives a correct answer for pseudoreductive groups over function fields. The commutative case (which is essential even for the general pseudoreductive case) is a corollary of a vast generalization of the PoitouTate nineterm exact sequence, from finite group schemes to arbitrary affine commutative group schemes of finite type. Unfortunately, there appears to be no simple formula in general for Tamagawa numbers of linear algebraic groups over function fields beyond the commutative and pseudoreductive cases. Time permitting, we may discuss some examples of noncommutative unipotent groups over function fields whose Tamagawa numbers (and relatedly, TateShafarevich sets) exhibit various types of pathological behavior.
This is an overview talk about my paper with Matt Baker with the same title. I will introduce matroids with coefficients, give a rough idea of how ordered blueprints enter the picture and how the moduli space of matroids is constructed, and then
finally turn to an outline of a new proof of Tutte's theorem that a matroid is regular if and only if it is binary and orientable.
Understanding algebraic structures such as Galois extensions, quadratic forms, division algebras and torsors for linear algebraic groups, can give important insights into the arithmetic of fields. In this talk, I will discuss recent work and work in progress showing ways in which parts of the arithmetic of function fields over complete fields may be encoded in the combinatorial topology of the special fiber. I will then describe how these observations lead to algebraic versions of MeyerVietoris sequences, the Seifert–van Kampen theorem, and examples and counterexamples to localglobal principles.
We will discuss important examples of infinite dimensional Lie superalgebras and their representations.
Powering the adjacency matrix of an expander graph results in a better expander of higher degree. High dimensional expanders are simplicial complexes which generalize the notion of expanders. In these settings, we look for an analogue of the powering operation. We show that the naive approach to powering does not yield high dimensional expanders in general, but that for quotients of Bruhat Tits buildings a powering operation arises from socalled "geodesic walks". The analysis of the expansion in the powercomplex boils down to intricate combinatorial relations between special flags in a free module over the ring Z/(p^r). Based on joint work with Tali Kaufman.
The talk will report on joint work with Angela Carnevale and Christopher Voll and on work in progress with Tomer Bauer.
Let K be a number field with ring of integers O. We explicitly determine the local factors, at all primes unramified in K, of the normal subgroup zeta functions of a large class of finitely generated class2nilpotent torsionfree groups over O. This class includes the free class2nilpotent groups, various amalgamations of the Heisenberg group, and direct products of any these with abelian groups. We study the analytic properties of these functions and also give some indication of what happens at the ramified primes. In particular, these results unify and generalize work of many previous authors and prove a conjecture of Grunewald, Segal, and Smith from 1988 on the uniformity of normal zeta functions of finitely generated free class2nilpotent groups.
We will discuss the field of definition of a rational function and in what ways it can change under iteration, in particular when the degree over the base field drops. We present two families of rational functions with the property above, and prove that in the special case of polynomials, only one of these families is possible. We also explain how this relates to Ritt's decomposition theorem on polynomials. Joint work with Francesco Veneziano (SNS Pisa).
We say that a group G is wide if it contains an element which is not representable
as a single commutator of elements of G. Recently it was proven that a finite simple
group cannot be wide, thus confirming a conjecture of Ore of 1950's. On the other hand,
during the past decades there were discovered several examples of wide infinite simple
groups.
In a similar vein, we say that a Lie algebra is wide if it contains an element which is not
representable as a single Lie bracket. A natural question to ask is whether there exist
wide simple Lie algebras. Our goal is to present first examples of such Lie algebras.
The simplest example relies on a recent work of Billig and Futorny on Lie algebras of vector
fields on smooth affine varieties.
This talk is based on a work in progress, joint with Andriy Regeta.
This work provides an example of a finitely presented semigroup H with zero containing an infinite ideal of the form I = LH, where L is a generator of H, such that every word in generators representing an element of I is square free (i.e. any word of the type LXYYZ, for nonempty Y, equals zero in H).
This is a joint work with Ilya IvanovPogodaev and Olga Sapir.
Keywords: Finitely presented semigroups; nil ideals; nil semigroups; nil rings.
In the construction of Hamiltonian reductions in symplectic geometry, interesting and rich connections to Hilbert schemes, CalogeroMoser spaces, and rational spherical Cherednik algebras have emerged over the last two decades. A Borel analogue of the classical general linear group construction (realized after a reduction from the cotangent bundle of enhanced GrothendieckSpringer resolutions) potentially opens doors for its connections to isospectral Hilbert schemes, flag Hilbert schemes, and other algebraic varieties, that are important to geometric representation theory, algebraic combinatorics, and quantum topology.
Our construction can also be realized by certain quiver flag varieties, appearing in the geometric interplay in quiver Hecke algebras that categorify quantum groups.
I will discuss a Borel analogue of the cotangent bundle of the extended general linear Lie algebra, discussing the complete intersection of the zero fiber of a moment map (as conjectured by Thomas Nevins), an enumeration of the irreducible components, and a Borel analog of an almostcommuting scheme appearing in the study of CalogeroMoser systems. No background is necessary and I will give plenty of examples throughout my talk.
This is joint with Travis Scrimshaw.
I shall describe some open problems, relating to representation
of integers by integral binary quadratic forms: new things are just
well forgotten old ones !
It has been known for almost a hundred years that most polynomials with integral coefficients are irreducible and have a big Galois group.
For a few dozen years, people have been interested in whether the same holds when one considers sparse families of polynomials—notably, polynomials with plusminus 1 coefficients.
In particular, “some guy on the street” conjectures that the probability for a random plusminus 1 coefficient polynomial to be irreducible tends to 1 as the degree tends to infinity
(a much earlier conjecture of OdlyzkoPoonen is about the 01 coefficients model) . In this talk, I will discuss these types of problems, their connection with analytic number theory.
If G is a finite group and M is a Gmodule, there is a norm map from the homology of G with coefficients in M to the cohomology. This map arises from a morphism in the derived category from the derived coinvariants to the derived invariants of G.
The resulting map is always an isomorphism over the rational numbers but rarely an isomorphism in mod p representation. In stable homotopy theory, there are many "intermediate" characteristics (p.n) associated with the so called "Morava Ktheories". It turns out that the norm map is an isomorphism in all those intermediate characteristics and a vast generalization to this fact was discovered by Hopkins and Lurie. They call this generalization Ambidexterity. In my talk I will explain the notion of ambidexterity in stable infinity categories, present Hopkins and Lurie's result of the ambidexterity in characteristic (p,n) and discuss a recent work on the subject by Tomer Schlank, Lior Yanovski and myself.
According to the Langlands philosophy, there should be a close relationship between automorphic representations and Galois representations. When are these Galois representations irreducible?
In the 1970s, Ribet proved that the padic Galois representation attached to a modular form f is irreducible if and only if f is cuspidal. More generally, it is conjectured that the padic Galois representation associated to any cuspidal automorphic representation of GL(n) is irreducible.
The goal of this talk is to provide an overview of this conjecture, focusing on the special case of Galois representations attached to low weight, genus 2 Siegel modular forms. These twodimensional analogues of weight 1 modular forms are, conjecturally, the automorphic objects that correspond to abelian surfaces.
In this talk I provide a graphtheoretic proof of the tropical Jacobi identity, alternative
to the matrixtheoretic proof recently obtained jointly with Akian and Gaubert. The latter was inspired by the classical identity:
The (J^c,I^c)minor of a matrix A corresponds, in some way to be defined, to the (I,J)minor of A^{1}).
That is, the compound of order k of A corresponds to the compound of order (nk) of its inverse.
We provide an application of this theorem to optimal assignments with supervisions.
More precisely, we consider the problem of assigning multiple tasks to one team, or daily tasks to
multiple teams, where each team has a supervisortask or a supervised task.
This is a joint work with Marie Maccaig and Sergey Sergeev.
A foliation subdivides a manifold $M$ into a union of "leafs". It is usually defined by specifying a "distribution": a choice of tangent space at every point of $M$. Going from a distribution to a leaf tangent to it amounts to solving a differential equation, and the leafs are therefore usually transcendental objects.
Consider the case that $M$ and the distribution are algeraic over a number field. We give bounds for the number of intersections between a leaf of the foliation and an algebraic subvariety of complementary dimension by using a combination of ideas from differential equations, value distribution theory and algebraic geometry. I will explain this result and how it leads to estimates for the number of algebraic points of specified degree and height on a leaf. These estimates significantly sharpen the PilaWilkie counting theorem in this context.
I will also indicate how this result, applied to foliations arising naturally in the study of abelian varieties and their moduli spaces (modular curves, Siegel varieties, Shimura varieties), can lead to significant information on classical problems in diophantine geometry following ideas of Pila, Zannier, Masser and others.
The reducibility and structure of parabolic inductions is a basic problem in the representation theory of padic groups. Of particular interest are principal series and degenerate principal series representations, that is parabolic induction of 1dimensional representations of Levi subgroups.
In this talk, I will start by describing the functor of normalized induction and its left adjoint, the Jacquet functor, and by going through several examples in the group SL_4(Q_p) will describe an algorithm which can be used to determine reducibility of such representations.
This algorithm is the core of a joint project with Hezi Halawi, in which we study the structure of degenerate principal series of exceptional groups of type En (see https://arxiv.org/abs/1811.02974).
Let a group G be given by generators and defining relations. It is known that we cannot, in general, extract specific information about the structure of G using the defining relations. However, if the defining relations satisfy small cancellation conditions, then we possess a great deal of knowledge about G. In particular, such groups are hyperbolic, that is, we can express the multiplication in the group by means of thin triangles. It seems of interest to develop a similar theory for rings.
Let kF be the group algebra of the free group F over some field k. Let F have a fixed system of generators. Then its elements are reduced words in these generators that we call monomials. Let I be an ideal of kF generated by a set of polynomials, and let kF / I be the corresponding quotient algebra. In the present work we state conditions on these polynomials that will enable a combinatorial description of the quotient algebra similar to small cancellation quotients of the free group. In particular, we construct a linear basis of kF / I and describe a special system of linear generators of kF / I for which the multiplication table amounts to a linear combination of thin triangles.
Constructions of groups with exotic properties make extensive use of small cancellation theory and its generalizations. In a similar way, generalizations of our approach allow one to construct various examples of algebras with exotic properties.
This is a joint work with A. KanelBelov, E. Plotkin and E. Rips.
One of the natural questions of Universal Algebraic Geometry is the following one: when do two algebras from a variety of algebras have the same algebraic geometry?
This question can be interpreted in various ways. For instance, one can say that algebraic geometries of the algebras are the same if the categories of algebraic sets over the given algebras are isomorphic.
An important role in the study of the categories of algebraic sets is played by investigations of automorphisms of the category of free finitely generated algebras in a given variety.
We will present the method of verbal operations for the study of automorphisms of the category of free finitely generated algebras, consider some results in this area, and discuss open problems.
A classical theorem of Rajan states that a tensor product of simple finitedimensional modules over a simple Lie algebra admits unique factorization. In this talk, we shall discuss various types of infinite dimensional Lie algebras and the factorization of tensor products for these algebras. Joint with Venkatesh.
Let S be an integral domain with field of fractions F, and let A be an Falgebra having an Sstable basis. We prove the existence of an Ssubalgebra R of A lying over S whose localization with respect to S is A (we call such R an Snice subalgebra of A). We also show that there is no such minimal Snice subalgebra of A. Given a valuation v on F with a corresponding valuation domain Ov, and an Ovstable basis of A over F, we prove the existence of a quasivaluation on A extending v on F. Moreover, we prove the existence of an infinite decreasing chain of quasivaluations on A, all of which extend v. Finally, we present applications for the above existence theorems; for example, we show that if A is commutative and C is any chain of prime ideals of S, then there exists an Snice subalgebra of A having a chain of prime ideals covering C.
Consider a prime number p and a free profinite group S on basis X.
We describe the quotients of S by the lower pcentral filtration in terms of the shuffle algebra on X. This description is obtained by combining tools from the combinatorics of words with Galois cohomology methods.
In the context of absolute Galois groups, this machinery gives a new general perspective on recent arithmetical results on Massey products and other cohomological operations.
The study of Whittaker models for representations of reductive groups over
local and global fields has become a central tool in representation theory and the theory of automorphic forms, though their Fourier coefficients. We will start by recalling the classical results on the existence and uniqueness of such models.
In order to encompass representations that do not have Whittaker models, one attaches a degenerate (or a generalized) Whittaker model WO, or a Fourier coefficient in the global case, to any nilpotent orbit. We will discuss the relation between different kinds of degenerate Whittaker models, and applications to the existence of these models.
We will give several examples for GLn, and discuss the relation to the Bernstein – Zelevinsky derivatives.
We use the language of formal power series to construct finite state automata generating groups of the form A \wr Z, where A is the additive group of a finite commutative ring and Z is the integers. We then provide conditions on the ring and the power series which make automata bireversible.
This is a joint work with Benjamin Steinberg.
We say that I^n(F) is mlinked if any m bilinear nfold Pfsiter forms have a common (n1)fold factor. In a recent publication, Karim Becher pointed out that when F is a global field, I^n(F) is mlinked for every positive integer m, and raised the question of whether I^n(F) being 3linked implies that it is mlinked for every positive integer m. In the special case of characteristic 2, this question can be phrased in two versions  one for bilinear forms and another for quadratic forms. We will provide negative answers to both versions of the question in characteristic 2 and discuss some open problems.
Various algebraic and topological situations give rise to compatible sequences of representations of different groups, such as the symmetric groups, with stable asymptotic behavior. Representation stability is a recent approach to studying such sequences, which has proved effective for extracting important invariants. Coming from this point of view, I will introduce the associated character theory, which explains many of the approach's strengths (in char 0). Central examples are simultaneous characters of all symmetric groups, or of all Gl(n) over some finite field. Their mere existence gives applications to statistics of random matrices over finite fields, and raises many combinatorial questions.
Let X be a curve over a padic field K with semistable reduction and let ω be a meromorphic differential on X. There are two padic integrals one may associate to this data. One is the Vologodsky (abelian, Zarhin, Colmez) integral, which is a global function on the Kpoints of X defined up to a constant. The other is the collection of Coleman integrals on the subdomains reducing to the various components of the smooth locus. In this talk I will prove the following Theorem, joint with Sarah Zerbes: The Vologodsky integral is given on each subdomain by a Coleman integral, and these integrals are related by the condition that their differences on the connecting annuli form a harmonic 1cocyle on the edges of the dual graph of the special fiber. I will further explain the implications to the behavior of the Vologodsky integral on the connecting annuli, which has been observed independently and used, by Stoll and KatzRabinoffZureickBrown, in works on global bounds on the number of rational points on curves, and an interesting product on 1forms used in the proof of the Theorem as well as in work on padic height pairings. Time permitting I will explain the motivation for this result, which is relevant for the interesting question of generalizing the result to iterated integrals.
A group is said to be invariably generated (IG) by a set S if any conjugation of elements of S still generates G, and topologically invariably generated (TIG) by S if every such conjugation generates G topologically.
I will give a short review of this notion and present new results from joint work with Gennady Noskov.
An octonion algebra is a unital, nonassociative algebra endowed with a nondegenerate, multiplicative quadratic form. Such algebras are crucial in the construction of exceptional groups. Over fields, it is known that the quadratic form determines the algebra structure completely. Remarkably, this is not true over commutative rings in general, as was shown by P. Gille in 2014 using cohomological arguments.
I will talk about a recent joint work with Gille, where we give an explicit construction of all octonion algebras having the same quadratic form. I will explain the point of view of torsors and cohomology, and how the phenomenon of triality plays a key role in relating this to a classical construction of alternative algebras.
Given a finite group G and two unitary Grepresentations V and W, possible restrictions on Brouwer degrees of equivariant maps between the representation spheres S(V) and S(W) are usually expressed in terms of congruences modulo the greatest common divisor of lengths of orbits in S(V) (denoted α(V)). Effective application of these congruences is limited by answers to the following questions:
(i) Under which conditions is α(V)>1?
(ii) Does there exist an equivariant map whose degree is easy to calculate?
In my talk I'll address mainly the first question. It will be shown that α(V)>1 for every irreducible nontrivial C[G]module if and only if G is solvable. So this result provides a new solvability criterion for finite groups.
This is a joint work with Z. Balanov and Haopin Wu.
The recent work of AbeHenniartHerzigVigneras gives a classification of irreducible admissible modp representations of a padic reductive group in terms of supersingular/supercuspidal representations. However, supersingular representations remain mysterious largely, and in general we know them very little. So far, there are only classifications of them for the group GL_2 (Q_p) and a few other closely related cases.
In this talk, we will present some work on the unramified unitary group G=U(2, 1) defined over a nonarchimedean local field of odd residue characteristic p, in which via a local method we show the propIwahori invariants of certain supersingular representations of G, as right modules over the propIwahoriHecke algebra of G, are not simple. This gives a large amount of examples which unveils a possible new feature of supersingular representations in general (note that such a phenomenon never happens in complex representations).
A finite group is called semirational if the distribution induced on it by any word map is a virtual character. Amit and Vishne give a sufficient condition for a group to be semirational, and ask whether it is also necessary. We answer this in the negative, by exhibiting two new criteria for semirationality, each giving rise to an infinite family of semirational groups which do not satisfy the AmitVishne condition. On the other hand, we use recent work of Lubotzky to show that for finite simple groups the AmitVishne condition is indeed necessary, and we use this to construct the first known example of an infinite family of nonsemirational groups.
Given two permutations A and B which "almost" commute, are they "close" to permutations A' and B' which really commute? Arzhantseva and Paunescu (2015) formalized this question and answered affirmatively. This can be viewed as a property of the equation XY=YX, and turns out to be equivalent to the following property of the group Z^2 = < X,Y  XY=YX >: Every "almost action" of Z^2 on a finite set is close to a genuine action of Z^2. This leads to the notion of stable groups. Another point of view is that of property testing: The result of [AP] implies that for a pair of permutations, “being (close to) a solution for XY=YX” is a locally testable property, and one may ask which other equations, or systems of equations, are locally testable in this sense.
We will describe a relationship between stability, invariant random subgroups and sofic groups, giving, in particular, a characterization of stability among amenable groups. We will then show how to apply the above in concrete cases to prove and refute stability of some classes of groups. Finally, we will discuss stability of groups with Kazhdan's property (T), and some results on the quantitative aspect of stability.
Based on joint works with Alex Lubotzky, Andreas Thom and Jonathan Mosheiff.
Let G be a group and H_1,...,H_s be subgroups of G of indices d_1,...,d_s respectively. In 1974, M. Herzog and J. Schönheim conjectured that if \{H_i a_i\}_{i=1}^{i=s} is a coset partition of G, then d_1,..,d_s cannot be distinct. We consider the HerzogSchönheim conjecture for free groups of finite rank and develop a new combinatorial approach, using covering spaces. We give some sufficient conditions on the coset partition that ensure the conjecture is satisfied. Furthermore, under a certain assumption, we show there is a finite number of cases to study in order to show the conjecture is true for every coset partition. Since every finitely generated group is a quotient of a free group of finite rank, we show these results extend to finitely generated groups.
In analysis, the convolution of two functions results in a smoother, better behaved function. A natural question is then whether this phenomenon has an analogue in the setting of algebraic geometry.
Let f,g be two morphisms from algebraic varieties X,Y to an algebraic group G. We define their convolution to be a morphism f*g from X x Y to G by first applying each morphism to its respective coordinate and then multiplying using the group structure of G.
In this talk, we will present some properties of this convolution operation, as well as a recent result which states that, under mild conditions, after sufficiently many self convolutions every morphism f:X>G becomes flat, with reduced fibers of rational singularities (abbrevieted FRS). This gives a possible answer to the question above.
In addition, the FRS property is of particular interest since, by works of Aizenbud and Avni and of Mustata, it has close ties to the asymptotic point count of the fibers of f over Z/p^kZ. This connection allows us to draw interesting conclusions on algebraic families of random walks on finite groups.
Joint work with Itay Glazer.
The classification of finite subgroups of SL(2,C) has many applications from automorphy of Galois representations to singularity theory and to string theory. I shall describe the classification of finite subgroups of SL(3,C), and a few applications to questions of rationality and linearly reductive groups.
Following the natural instinct that when a group operates on a number field k, every term in the class number formula factorizes “compatibly” according to the representation theory (both complex and modular) of the group, we are led to some questions about the ppart of the class group of k. The case when k is the cyclotomic extension Q(\mu_p) is the famous HerbrandRibet theorem. We generalize these questions to k = Q(E[p]), where E[p] is the group of ptorsion points on an elliptic curve E over Q. We answer these questions in a special case.
Various connections between the uinvariant of a field and the symbol length in Milnor Ktheory and KatoMilne cohomology have been proven in recent years.
Karshen and Saltman have each proven independently that when the characteristic is different from 2, the finiteness of the uinvariant implies the finiteness of the symbol length in all Milnor Kgroups.
We present the analogous result in the case of characteristic two.
Unlike the previous case, in this case we are able to provide an explicit upper bound for the symbol length.
The talk is based on joint work with Kelly McKinnie.
The determination of which finite abelian groups can occur as the torsion subgroup of an elliptic curve over a number field has a long history starting with Barry Mazur who proved that there are exactly 15 groups that can occur as the torsion subgroup of an elliptic curve over the rational numbers. It is a theorem due to Loïc Merel that for every integer d the set of isomorphism classes of groups occurring as the torsion subgroup of a number field of degree d is finite. If a torsion subgroup occurs for a certain degree, then one can also ask for how many distinct pairwise nonisomorphic elliptic curves this happens. The question which torsion groups can occur for infinitely many nonisomorphic elliptic curves of a fixed degree is studied during this talk. The main result is a complete classification of the torsion subgroups that occur infinitely often for degree 5 and 6. This is joint work with Andrew Sutherland and heavily builds on previous joint work with Mark van Hoeij.
Given a number field K, the unramified Inverse Galois problem Is concerned with the question of which finite groups $G$ can be realized as Galois groups of Galois unramified extensions $L/K$. The two main ways to attack the problem is by using class field theory (to analyze solvable extensions) and discriminant bounds (to analyze fields $K$ of small discriminant). The goal of this talk is to show how using homotopical methods one can get results in the nonsolvable case with no bound on the discriminant. We will begin by describing a general method to obtain homotopy theoretical obstructions to problems in Galois theory called "Embedding problems". Then we will explain how to employ these obstructions to study the unramified inverse Galois problem. Specifically, using these obstructions on embedding problems with a nonsolvable kernel, we'll give an example of an infinite family of groups {G_i}i together with an infinite family of quadratic number fields such that for any number field K in this family, the maximal solvable quotient of G_i is realizable as an unramified Galois group over K; but G_i itself is not.
This is a joint work with Magnus Carlson.
We study rational points on two families of hypersurfaces in toric
varieties which are spherical threefolds when equipped with a suitable
action of the reductive group SL_2 x G_m. We are interested in the
asymptotic behavior of the number of rational points of bounded height,
which is predicted by a conjecture of Manin, refined by Batyrev,
Tschinkel, and Peyre. This is joint work with Ulrich Derenthal.
We consider a constant length step random walk on a hyperbolic surface, and deduce that the walker eventually gets lost (i.e., converges to the uniform distribution), and under the assumption of optimality of the nontrivial Laplace spectrum on the surface, the walker gets lost suddenly (i.e., the walk exhibits cutoff). We also prove that under the assumption of optimality the distances between pair of points of the surface are highly concentrated.
Analogous results were proved for graphs by Lubetzky and Peres, and for simplicial complexes by Lubetzky, Lubotzky and Parzanchevski. We show that conceptually the results in all three settings are closely related to the temperedness of representations of corresponding algebraic groups.
Joint work with Amitay Kamber [https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.10149]
In this talk, I present an analogue of the HardyLittlewood conjecture on the asymptotic distribution of prime constellations in the setting of short intervals in function fields of smooth projective curves over finite fields.
I will discuss the definition of a "short interval" on a curve as an additive translation of the space of global sections of a sufficiently positive divisor E by a suitable rational function f, and show how this definition generalizes the definition of a short interval in the polynomial setting.
I will give a sketch of the proof which includes a computation of a certain Galois group, and a counting argument, namely, a Chebotarev density type theorem.
This is a joint work with Tyler Foster.
A classical problem in number theory is to evaluate the number of primes in an arithmetic progression. This problem can be formulated in terms of the von Mangoldt function. I will introduce some conjectures concerning the fluctuations of the von Mangoldt function in arithmetic progressions. I will also introduce an analogous problem in the function field setting and discuss its generalization to arithmetic functions associated with higher degree Lfunctions (in the limit of large field size). The main example we will discuss is an elliptic curve Lfunction and statistics associated with its coefficients. This is a joint work with Chris Hall and Jon Keating.
The functoriality conjecture is a key ingredient in the theory of automorphic forms and the Langlands program. Given two reductive groups G and H, the principle of functoriality asserts that a map r:G^>H^ between their dual complex groups should naturally give rise to a map r*:Rep(G)>Rep(H) between their automorphic representations. In this talk, I will describe the idea of functoriality, its connection to Lfunctions and recent work on weak functorial lifts to the exceptional group of type G_2.
The abelianization is a functor from groups to abelian groups, which is left adjoint to the inclusion functor. Being a left adjoint, the abelianization functor commutes with all direct limits. It is thus natural to wonder about the behavior of the abelianization functor under inverse limits. There is always a natural map from the abelianization of an inverse limit of groups to the inverse limit of their abelianizations. In this lecture I will present results giving restrictions on the kernel and cokernel of this natural map, in certain cases. These cases include countable directed inverse limits of finite groups, and can thus help in the calculation of the abelianization of certain profinite groups. If time permits I will also consider other families of functors into abelian groups.
This is a joint work with Saharon Shelah.
The Birch and SwinnertonDyer conjecture predicts that the group of rational points on an elliptic curve E over Q has rank equal to the order of vanishing of the Lfunction of E. A generalization of this conjecture to motives M was formulated by Bloch and Kato. I will explain a proof of a version of the BlochKato conjecture in padic coefficients, when M is attached to a pordinary Hilbert modular form of any weight and the order of vanishing is 1.
The case of elliptic curves corresponds to classical modular forms of weight two, and was treated by PerrinRiou in 1987 using the modular points on E(Q) constructed by Heegner. The proof in the general case is based on the universal padic deformation of Heegner points, via a formula for its height.
The notion of an injective module is one of the most fundamental notions in homological algebra over rings. In this talk, we explain how to generalize this notion to higher algebra.
The BassPapp theorem states that a ring is left noetherian if and only if an arbitrary direct sum of left injective modules is injective.
We will explain a version of this result in higher algebra, which will lead us to the notion of a left noetherian derived ring.
In the final part of the talk, we will specialize to commutative noetherian rings in higher algebra,
show that the Matlis structure theorem of injective modules generalize to this setting,
and explain how to deduce from it a version of Grothendieck’s local duality theorem over commutative noetherian local DG rings.
Let k be an algebraically closed, complete nonArchimedean field.
I will briefly describe Berkovich spaces, skeletons of Berkovich curves, skeletons of morphisms of curves and various enhancements of skeletons.
The semistable reduction theorem asserts that every nice curve possesses a skeleton.
Furthermore, the simultaneous semistable reduction theorem asserts that any finite generically etale morphism of nice compact curves possesses a skeleton. We are interested in the inverse direction: given a finite morphism of graphs that can arise as skeletons, can it be lifted to a morphism of nice compact curves?
In general, the answer is no. However, enhancing the graphs to metric graphs with reduction kcurves attached to the vertices changes the answer: a lifting theorem of AminiBakerBrugalléRabinoff (2015) shows that any suitable morphism of such graphs lifts to a finite (generically etale) residually tame morphism of Berkovich curves.
In a joint work with Temkin, we introduce a new enhancement of the skeleton and provide it with new invariants that are trivial in the residually tame case. In this setting, we were able to generalize the lifting result to minimally residually wild morphisms.
Typical representations appear in the BushnellKutzko theory of types for the study of smooth representations of padic reductive groups. In this talk, we will present an overview of typical representations associated to levelzero Bernstein blocks of split classical groups.
Howson's theorem says that the intersection of two finitely generated subgroups of a free group is finitely generated.
Hanna Neumann conjectured a bound on the number of generators of the intersection, that after many years of works, has been established independently by Friedman and Mineyev.
I will discuss the history of this problem, surveying the proof techniques. I will then report on a new proof of the stengthened Hanna Neumann conjecture by JaikinZapirain, and show that it generalizes to Demushkin groups (a class of prop groups that is of great importance in Galois theory).
No preliminaries are assumed beyond basic familiarity with the free group.
This is a joint work with Andrei JaikinZapirain.
See attached file.
Considering a vector superspace with nondegenerate odd symmetric bilinear form, we define periplectic Lie superalgebras as a subalgebra satisfying this form in a certain way. I will discuss periplectic Lie superalgebras and their representation theory by discussing the action by the TemperleyLieb algebra associated to the infinite symmetric group on the category of finitedimensional representations of the periplectic Lie superalgebra as translation functors, the combinatorics behind these translation functors, and the blocks of this category.
This is joint with I. EntovaAizenbud, M. Balagovic, Z. Daugherty, I. Halacheva, J. Hennig , G. Letzter, E. Norton, V. Serganova, and C. Stroppel.
See attached poster.
In 1975 George Mackey pointed out an analogy between certain unitary representations of a semisimple Lie group and its Cartan Motion group.

See attached.
In the finitedimensional representation theory of the symmetric groups
$$S_n$$ over the base field $$\mathbb{C}$$, there is an an interesting
phenomena of "stabilization" as $$n \to \infty$$: some representations
of $$S_n$$ appear in sequences $$(V_n)_{n \geq 0}$$, where each $$V_n$$
is a finitedimensional representation of $$S_n$$, where $$V_n$$ become
"the same" in a certain sense for $$n >> 0$$.
One manifestation of this phenomena are sequences $$(V_n)_{n \geq 0}$$
such that the characters of $$S_n$$ on $$V_n$$ are "polynomial in $n$".
More precisely, these sequences satisfy the condition: for $$n>>0$$, the
trace (character) of the automorphism $$\sigma \in S_n$$ of $$V_n$$ is
given by a polynomial in the variables $$x_i$$, where $$x_i(\sigma)$$ is
the number of cycles of length $$i$$ in the permutation $$\sigma$$.
In particular, such sequences $$(V_n)_{n \geq 0}$$ satisfy the agreeable
property that $$\dim(V_n)$$ is polynomial in $$n$$.
Such "polynomial sequences" are encountered in many contexts:
cohomologies of configuration spaces of $$n$$ distinct ordered points on
a connected oriented manifold, spaces of polynomials on rank varieties
of $$n \times n$$ matrices, and more. These sequences are called
$$FI$$modules, and have been studied extensively by Church, Ellenberg,
Farb and others, yielding many interesting results on polynomiality in
$$n$$ of dimensions of these spaces.
A stronger version of the stability phenomena is described by the
following two settings:
 The algebraic representations of the infinite symmetric group
$$S_{\infty} = \bigcup_{n} S_n,$$ where each representation of
$$S_{\infty}$$ corresponds to a ``polynomial sequence'' $$(V_n)_{n \geq
0}$$.
 The "polynomial" family of Deligne categories $$Rep(S_t), ~t \in
\mathbb{C}$$, where the objects of the category $$Rep(S_t)$$ can be
thought of as "continuations of sequences $$(V_n)_{n \geq 0}$$" to
complex values of $$t=n$$.
I will describe both settings, show that they are connected, and
explain some applications in the representation theory of the symmetric
groups.
We will show how the arithmetic of three elliptic curves answers three old questions in the Euclidean geometry.
Fix an arbitrary prime p. Let F be a field containing a primitive pth root of unity, with absolute Galois group G_F, and let H^n denote its mod p cohomology group, H^n(G_F,\Z/p\Z).
The triple Massey product (abbreviated 3MP) of weight (n,k,m) \in N^3, is a partially defined, multivalued function
< , , >: H^n x H^k x H^m \to H^{n+k+m1}.
The recently proved 3MP conjecture states that every defined 3MP of weight (1,1,1) contains the zero element.
In this talk I will present the idea of a new proof of the 3MP conjecture for odd primes, inspired by the idea of linearization. The nice thing is that it actually works for 3MP of weight (1,n,1) for arbitrary n.
Albert showed that a central simple algebra A over a field F admits an involution of the first kind, i.e. an Fantiautomorphism of order 2, if and only if the order of the Brauer class of A in the Brauer group of F divides 2.
Azumaya algebras are generalizations of central simple algebras, defined over an arbitrary commutative base ring (or scheme), and can be used to define the Brauer group of a commutative ring. They play an important role in the study of classical groups over schemes.
Albert's theorem fails in the more general setting where A is an Azumaya algebra over a commutative ring R. However, Saltman showed that in this case there is an Azumaya algebra B that is Brauer equivalent to A and admits an involution of the first kind. Knus, Parimala and Srinivas later showed that one can in fact choose B such that deg(B) = 2*deg(A).
I will discuss a joint work with Ben Williams and Asher Auel where we use topological obstructions to show that deg(B) = 2*deg(A) is optimal when deg(A)=4. More precisely, we construct a regular commutative ring R and an Azumaya Ralgebra A of degree 4 and period 2 such that the degree of any Brauer equivalent algebra B admitting an involution of the first kind divides 8.
If time permits, I will also discuss examples of Azumaya algebras admitting only symplectic involutions and no orthogonal involutions. This stands in contrast to the situation in central simple algebras where the existence of a symplectic involution implies the existence of an orthogonal involution, and vice versa if the degree is even.
The famous Koethe conjecture asserts that the sum of two nil left ideals is always nil. This still open problem, which is sometimes considered the central open problem in ring theory, has attracted many researchers and inspired a flurry of results toward a better understanding of its validity.
Its most popular equivalent formulation nowadays is, that the polynomial ring R[x] over a nil ring R is equal to its own Jacobson radical.
The observation that R[x] is naturally graded, and every homogeneous element is nilpotent (i.e. R[x] is "graded nil") motivated L. Small and E. Zelmanov to ask ('06) whether a graded nil algebra is always Jaocbson radical.
This was disproved by A. Smoktunowicz a few years ago, and should be mentioned together with another result by Smoktunowicz, disproving a conjecture of L. MakarLimanov: she proved that there exists a nil ring R such that after tensoring with central variables (specifically: R[x_1,...,x_6]) it contains a free subalgebra. Such ring can exist only over countable base fields.
In this talk we present a new construction, which provides a monomial, graded nilpotent ring (a stronger property than graded nil) which contains a free subalgebra. Our methods involve combinatorics of infinite words, and gluing together sequences of letters which arise from appropriate morphisms of free monoids. In particular, this resolves SmallZelmanov's question and can be thought of as a continuation of Smoktunowicz's counterexample to MakarLimanov's conjecture (as in our construction the base field can be arbitrary).
We also construct finitely generated graded GolodShafarevich algebras in which all homogeneous elements are nilpotent of bounded index, and prove that such phenomenon cannot appear in monomial algebras. This example also indicates the lack of a graded version for the Shirshov height theorem.
The talk is based on joint work with Jason P. Bell.
MilnorWitt Kgroups of fields were discovered by Morel and Hopkins within the framework of A^1 homotopy theory. These groups play a role in the classification of vector bundles over smooth schemes via Euler classes and oriented Chow groups. Together with Stephen Scully and Changlong Zhong we have generalized these groups to (semi)local rings and shown that they have the same relation to quadratic forms and Milnor Kgroups as in the field case. An application of this result is that the unramified MilnorWitt Kgroups are a birational invariant of smooth proper schemes over a field. This is joint work with Stephen Scully and Changlong Zhong.
Suppose you have a finite group G and you want to study certain related structures (e.g., random walks, Cayley graphs, word maps, etc.). In many cases, this might be done using sums over the characters of G. A serious obstacle in applying these formulas is lack of knowledge on the low dimensional representations of G. In fact, numerics shows that the “small" representations tend to contribute the largest terms to these sums, so a systematic knowledge of them might assist in the solution of important problems.
In this talk I will discuss a joint project (see arXiv:1609.01276) with Roger Howe (Yale). We introduce a language to speak about “size” of a representation, and we develop a method for systematically construct (conjecturally all the) “small" representations of finite classical groups.
I will illustrate our theory with concrete motivations and numerical data obtained with John Cannon (MAGMA, Sydney) and Steve Goldstein (Scientific computing, Madison).
Constructions of two algebras, both with the ideal of relations defined by a finite Groebner basis, will be presented. For the first algebra the question of whether a given element is nilpotent is algorithmically unsolvable, for the second the question of whether a given element is a zero divisor is algorithmically unsolvable. This gives a negative answer to questions raised by Latyshev.
Quadratic Pfister forms are a special class of quadratic forms that arise naturally as norm forms of composition algebras. The Witt group I_q F of quadratic forms (modulo hyperbolic forms) over a field F is a module over the Witt ring of bilinear forms. This gives a most important filtration { I_q^n F }. The nfold Pfister forms, which are tensor products of n Pfister forms, generate I_q^n F.
We call a set of quadratic nfold Pfister forms linked if they all share a common (n1)fold Pfister factor. Since we wish to develop a characteristicfree theory, we need to consider the characteristic 2 case, where one has to distinguish between right linkage and left linkage.
To a certain type of set of s nfold Pfister forms, we associate an invariant in I_q^{n+1} F which lives in I_q^{n+s1} F when the set is linked. We study the properties of this invariant and compute necessary conditions for a set to be linked.
We also consider the related notion of linkage for quaternion algebras via linkage of the associated norm forms.
I will talk about two topics which give support to a unified theory of archimedean and nonarchimedean analytic geometry. In both examples I will review a topic in complex analytic geometry (results from the 1970's) and, after reinterpreting it, show that the same thing happens in nonarchimedean geometry (giving new results). The first topic is a nonarchimedean version of Ishimura's theorem. This theorem states that on a complex manifold, the continuous linear endomorphisms of the structure sheaf agrees with the sheaf of formal differential operators whose symbol is holomorphic on the cotangent bundle. The second topic is about acyclicity. On a complex analytic space, this is about "quasicoherent sheaves" not having higher cohomology on Stein spaces. I explain a similar result in the nonarchimedean context. The tools used involve an interesting mix of homological algebra and functional analysis. I will explain some potential applications of both of these topics related to number theory. No knowledge about cohomology, differential operators, Stein spaces, or any sort of analytic geometry will be assumed.
Let K/F be a quadratic Galois field extension and let s be the nontrivial Fautomorphism of K. A celebrated theorem of Albert characterizes the kernel of the corestriction map Br(K)>Br(F) as those Brauer classes containing a central simple Kalgebra that admits an sinvolution, i.e. an involution whose restriction to K is s.
Saltman generalized this result from quadratic Galois extensions of fields to quadratic Galois extension of commutative rings. A later proof given by Knus, Parimala and Srinivas applies in the greater generality of unramified double covers of schemes.
I will discuss a recent work with B. Williams in which we extend the aforementioned results to ramified double covers of schemes (and more generally of locally ringed topoi). Some fascinating phenomena that can occur only in the ramified case will also be discussed. For example, the classical construction of the corestriction of an Azumaya algebra does produce an Azumaya algebra when the corestriction is taken relative to a ramified double cover (so one cannot use it in proving our result).
See attached file.
I will present a joint work with Cai, Friedberg and Ginzburg.
In a series of constructions, we apply the ``doubling method"
from the theory of automorphic forms to covering groups.
We obtain partial tensor product Lfunctions attached to generalized Shimura lifts,
which may be defined in a natural way since at almost all places the representations
are unramified principal series.
Let p be a prime. To every finite group is associated a topological
space known as the pcompletion of its classifying space. The
MartinoPriddy conjecture states that for two groups G and H, these
spaces are homotopically equivalent if and only if there is a special
type of isomorphism between the Sylow psubgroups of G and H
(an isomorphism of fusion systems, e.g., elements conjugate in G
are mapped to elements conjugate in H).
The combined work of several authors has proved this conjecture
and some extensions, partly by assuming the classification of
finite simple groups. Recently, J. Lynd and I removed this assumption.
I plan to discuss the main ideas of these results.
In this talk, I will discuss finite dimensional representations of quantum affine algebras. The main topics are Chari and Presslay's classification of finitedimensional simple modules over quantum affine algebras, Frenkel and Reshetikhin's theory of qcharacters of finite dimensional modules, FrenkelMukhin algorithm to compute qcharacters, Tsystems, HernandezLeclerc's conjecture about the cluster algebra structure on the ring of a subcategory of the category of all finite dimensional representations of a quantum affine algebra. I will also talk about how to obtain a class of simple modules called minimal affinizations of types A, B using mutations (joint work with Bing Duan, Yanfeng Luo, Qianqian Zhang).
For a finite group G and a subgroup H, we say that (G,H) is a Gelfand pair if the decomposition of C[G/H], the Grepresentation of complexvalued functions on G/H, into irreducible components has multiplicity one. In this case, the Gelfand property is equivalent to the commutativity of the Hecke algebra C[H\G/H] of biHinvariant functions on G.
Given a reductive group G and a closed subgroup H, there are three standard ways to generalize the notion of a Gelfand pair, and a result of Gelfand and Kazhdan gives a sufficient condition under which two of these properties hold. Unfortunately, in contrast to the finite case, here the Gelfand property is not known to be equivalent to the commutativity of a Hecke algebra. In this talk we define a Hecke algebra for the pair (G,H) in the nonArchimedean case and show that if the GelfandKazhdan conditions hold then it is commutative. We then explore the connection between the commutativity of this algebra and the Gelfand property of (G,H).
Let C be a smooth projective curve defined over the finite field F_q (q is odd)
and let K=F_q(C) be its (global) function field.
Any finite set S of closed points of C gives rise to a Dedekind domain O_S:=F_q[CS] in K.
We show that given an O_Sregular quadratic space (V,q) of rank n >= 3,
the group Br(O_S)[2] is bijective to the set of genera in the proper classification of quadratic O_Sspaces
isomorphic to V,q for the \'etale topology, thus there are 2^{S1} such.
If (V,q) is isotropic, then Pic(O_S)/2 properly classifies the forms in the genus of (V,q).
This is described concretely when V is split by an hyperbolic plane,
including an explicit algorithm in case C is an elliptic curve.
For n >= 5 this is true for all genera hence the full classification is via the abelian group H^2_et(O_S,\mu_2).
Determining whether a central simple algebra is isomorphic to the tensor product of quaternion algebras is a classical question. One can also ask similar decomposability questions when there is additional structure defined on the central simple algebra, for example an involution. We may ask whether an involution on a central simple algebra is isomorphic to the tensor product of involutions defined on quaternion algebras, i.e. whether the involution is totally decomposable.
Algebras with involution can be viewed as twisted symmetric bilinear forms up to similarity, and hence also as twisted quadratic forms up to similarity if the characteristic of the underlying field is different from 2. In a paper of Bayer, Parimala and Quéguiner it was suggested that totally decomposable involutions could be a natural generalisation of Pfister forms, a type of quadratic form of central importance to the modern theory of quadratic forms. In this talk we will discuss recent progress on the connection between totally decomposable involutions and Pfister forms.
We will also discuss fields of characteristic 2, where, since symmetric bilinear forms and quadratic forms are no longer equivalent, involutions are not twisted quadratic forms. Instead, if one wants a notion of a twisted quadratic form with analogous properties to involutions, one works with objects introduced in the Book of Involutions, known as a quadratic pairs. One can define an analogous notion of total decomposability for quadratic pairs, and there is a connection to Pfister forms very similar to that found between involutions and Pfister forms in characteristic different from 2.
We show that the generation problem in the Thompson group F is decidable, i.e., there is an algorithm which decides whether a finite set of elements of F generates the whole F. The algorithm makes use of the Stallings 2core of subgroups of F, which can be defined in an analogous way to the Stallings core of subgroups of a free group. An application of the algorithm shows that F is a cyclic extension of a group K which has a maximal elementary amenable subgroup B. The group B is a copy of a subgroup of F constructed by Brin.
In the classical theory of quadratic forms and Clifford algebras, it is a wellknown result that, given a finitely generated projective module P, if H[P] denotes the associated hyperbolic space of P, then the (graded) algebras Cl(H[P]) and End(^(P)) are isomorphic. We investigate the conditions under which a counterpart of this result holds in the sheaftheoretic context. Next, we introduce standard involutions for O_Xalgebras associated with Kalgebras, where K is a unital commutative ring with no zerodivisors for the purpose of defining graded quadratic extensions of the ringed space (X, O_X), where X = Spec K.
This is joint work with C. Ndipingwi.
Also see the attached file.
The "nonpositive immersion" property is a condition on a 2complex X
that generalizes being a surface. When X has this property, its
fundamental group appears to have has some very nice properties which
I will discuss. I will spend the remainder of the talk outlining a
proof that the nonpositive immersion property holds for a 2complex
obtained by attaching a single 2cell to a graph. This was proven
recently with Joseph Helfer and also independently by Lars Louder and Henry Wilton.
See attached file.
Let G be a group. An automorphism of G is called classpreserving if it maps each group element to a conjugate of it. The obvious examples of classpreserving automorphisms are inner automorphisms. The first example of a group having noninner classpreserving automorphisms was given by Burnside in 1913. In this talk we shall present a brief survey of the topic and discuss the nilpotency of the outer classpreserving automorphism group, i.e. the factor group Aut_c(G) / Inn(G), where Aut_c(G) is the group of classpreserving automorphisms of G.
In this talk, we will interpret some classical results of Gauss in the language of flat cohomology and extend them. Given a quadratic number field k = Q(\sqrt{d}) with narrow class number h_d^+, let O_d be the orthogonal Zgroup of the associated norm form q_k. We will describe the structure of the pointed set H^1_fl(Z, O_d), which classifies quadratic forms isomorphic to q_k in the flat topology, and express its cardinality via h_d^+ and h_{d}^+. Furthermore, if N_d is the connected component of O_d, we show that any N_d  torsor tensored with itself belongs to the principal genus.
Let F be a padic field. The irreducible admissible modp representations of a connected reductive group over F have recently been classified up to supercuspidals by AbeHenniartHerzigVigneras, building on a method introduced by Herzig in 2011. Their classification is part of an effort to formulate modp local Langlands correspondences. The complex representations of certain nonlinear covers of padic reductive groups play an interesting role in the classical LLC, and it is natural to ask whether this is also true in the modp setting. As a first step, I’ll explain how to modify Herzig’s method in order to classify irreducible admissible genuine modp representations of the metaplectic double cover of Sp_{2n}(F). The main consequence of the classification is that parabolically induced genuine modp representations are irreducible in the metaplectic case more often than in the reductive case; in particular, all parabolically induced genuine representations of the metaplectic cover of SL_{2}(F) are irreducible. This is joint work with Karol Koziol.
Deligne categories Rep(GL_t) (for a complex parameter t) have been constructed by Deligne and Milne in 1982 as a polynomial extrapolation of the categories of algebraic representations of the general linear groups GL_n(C).
In this talk, we will show how to construct a "free abelian tensor category generated by one object of dimension t", which will be, in a sense, the smallest abelian tensor category which contains the respective Deligne's category Rep(GL_t).
The construction is based on an interesting stabilization phenomenon occurring in categories of representations of supergroups GL(mn) when t is an integer and mn=t.
This is based on a joint work with V. Seganova and V. Hinich.
It turns out that weak proregularity is the appropriate context for the MatlisGreenleesMay (MGM) equivalence: given a weakly proregular ideal I in a commutative ring A, there is an equivalence of triangulated categories (given in one direction by derived local cohomology and in the other by derived completion at I) between cohomologically Itorsion (i.e. complexes with Itorsion cohomology) and cohomologically Icomplete complexes in the derived category of A.
In this talk, we will give a categorical characterization of weak proregularity: this characterization then serves as the foundation for a noncommutative generalisation of this notion. As a consequence, we will arrive at a noncommutative variant of the MGM equivalence. This work is joint with Amnon Yekutieli.
I will describe the problem of mod p reduction of padic Galois representations. For crystalline representations, the reduction can be computed using the compatibility of padic and mod p Local Langlands Correspondences; this method was first introduced by Breuil in 2003. After giving a brief sketch of the history of the problem, I will discuss how the reductions behave for representations with slopes in the halfopen interval [1,2). This is based on joint works with Eknath Ghate, and also with Sandra Rozensztajn for slope 1.
A rational function defined over the rationals has only finitely many rational preperiodic points by Northcott's classical theorem. These points describe a finite directed graph (with arrows connecting between each preperiodic point and its image under the function). We give a classification, up to a conjecture, of all possible graphs of quadratic rational functions with a rational periodic critical point. This generalizes the classification of such graphs for quadratic polynomials over the rationals by Poonen (1998). This is a joint work with Jung Kyu Canci (Universität Basel).
Let z be an algebraic function of n variables and A(z) the algebra generated by all variables and all partial derivatives of z (of all orders). If z is a polynomial then A(z) is just a polynomial algebra, but when z is not a polynomial then it is not clear what is the structure of this algebra. I'll report on known cases and formulate a conjecture.
We shall discuss the notion of superdimension and methods to compute it for simple modules of basic Lie superalgebras. We give a superdimension formula for modules over the general linear Lie superalgebra and propose ideas on how one should approach the general case. Joint with Chmutov and Karpman.
See attached file.
Suppose V is a finite dimensional representation of a complex finite dimensional simple Lie algebra that can be written as a tensor product of irreducible representations. A theorem of C.S. Rajan states that the nontrivial irreducible factors that occur in the tensor product factorization of V are uniquely determined, up to reordering, by the isomorphism class of V. I will present an elementary proof of Rajan's theorem. This is a joint work with S.Viswanath.
Given a system of polynomial equations with integer coefficients, how many solutions does it have in the ring Z/N?
In this talk I will give a survey of that part of higher representation theory which studies finitary 2categories and their 2representations. The plan is to present basic definitions, constructions, and results, and then describe some external applications.
Fermat was the first to characterize which integer numbers are sums of two perfect squares. A natural question of analytical number theory is: How many integers up to x are of that form? Landau settled this question using Dirichlet series and complex analysis.We'll discuss Landau's proof and present recent results on the corresponding problem over the rational function field over a finite field, which requires new ideas.
We consider a matrix with entries over the field of Puiseux series,
equipped with its nonarchimedean valuation (the leading exponent).
We establish majorization inequalities relating the
sequence of the valuations of the eigenvalues of a matrix
with the tropical eigenvalues of its valuation matrix
(the latter is obtained by taking the valuation entrywise).
We also show that, generically in the leading coefficients of the
Puiseux series, the precise asymptotics of eigenvalues, eigenvectors
and condition numbers can be determined.
For this, we apply diagonal scalings constructed from
the dual variables of a parametric optimal assignment constructed from
the valuation matrix.
Next, we establish an archimedean analogue of the above inequalities,
which applies to matrix polynomials with coefficients in
the field of complex numbers, equipped with the modulus as its valuation.
In particular, we obtain logmajorization inequalities for the eigenvalues
which involve combinatorial constants depending on the pattern of the matrices.
This talk covers joint works with Ravindra Bapat, Stéphane Gaubert,
Andrea Marchesini, and Meisam Sharify.
We start by presenting Gaubert's symmetrized tropical semiring, which defines a tropical additiveinverse and uses it to resolve tropical singularity. Then, we recall properties of totally positive matrices over rings, define tropical total positivity and total nonnegativity of matrices using the symmetrized structure, and state combinatorial and algebraic properties of these matrices. By studying the tropical semiring via valuation on the field of Puiseux series, we relate the tropical properties to the classical ones.
Joint work with Stephane Gaubert
Motivated by the Racah coefficients, the AskeyWilson algebra was introduced by the theoretical physicist Zhedanov. The algebra is named after Richard Askey and James Wilson because this algebra also presents the hidden symmetry between the threeterm recurrence relation and $q$difference equation of the AskeyWilson polynomials. In this talk, I will present the progression on the finitedimensional irreducible modules for AskeyWilson algebra.
I will present a new combinatorial construction of finitedimensional algebras with some interesting representationtheoretic properties: they are of tame representation type, symmetric and have periodic modules. The quivers we consider are dual to ribbon graphs and they naturally arise from triangulations of oriented surfaces with marked points.
The class of algebras that we get contains in particular the algebras of quaternion type introduced and studied by Erdmann with relation to certain blocks of group algebras. On the other hand, it contains also the Jacobian algebras of the quivers with potentials associated by FominShapiroThurston and Labardini to triangulations of closed surfaces with punctures. Hence our construction may serve as a bridge between modular representation theory of finite groups and cluster algebras.
All notions will be explained during the talk.
The Schur multiplier is a very interesting invariant, being the archetype of group cohomology.
An explicit description of the multiplier is often too difficult a task. Therefore it is of interest to obtain information about its arithmetical features, such as the order, the rank, and the exponent.
I will present the problem of bounding the exponent of the multiplier of a finite group, introducing the new concept of unitary cover.
This is joint work with Yuval Ginosar. Let K/F be a finite Galois extension with Galois group G. The Teichmüller map is a function that associates to every central simple Kalgebra B normal over F an element of H^3(G, K*). The value of the function is trivial precisely when the class of B is restricted from F. The classical definition of this map involves the use of a crossedproduct algebra over B. The associativity of this algebra is also equivalent to the class of B being restricted from F. The aim of this lecture is to elucidate the nature of the nonassociative algebras that arise when B is normal but not restricted. It turns out that the resulting theory is remarkably similar to the theory of associative algebras arising from the noninvertible cohomology of a Galois extension L/F such that L contains K, and I want to explain that relationship.
In the first part of my talk I will describe with few words and many pictures some more or less ‘combinatorial’ results on tilting modules, bimodules and complexes, almost always obtained by means of elementary tools of two types:
 Linear Algebra arguments (that is, comparison of the dimensions of the underlying vector spaces of certain
Hom and Ext groups);
 Representation Theory arguments (that is, analysis of the Auslander  Reiten quivers of suitable finite dimensional algebras, almost always admitting only finitely many indecomposable modules up to isomorphism).
In the second part of my talk I will describe other results (suggested by quivers) concerning ‘reflexive’ modules (not necessarity belonging to the tilting and cotilting worlds) and multiplicities of simple modules in the socle of certain injective cogenerators. Almost all the results and examples are illustrated in two preprints available at
The Gieseking group is a onerelator group defined by the
equation aab=bba. It is also the fundamental group of a certain
3dimensional manifold. As a nontopologist trying to make use of the
latter fact, I learned some things the hard way, which I will share
with the audience.
Stringy Chern classes of singular projective algebraic varieties can be
defined by some explicit formulas using a resolution of singularities. It is important that the output of these formulas does not depend on the choice of a resolution.
The proof of this independence is based on nonarchimedean motivic integration.
The purpose of the talk is to explain a combinatorial computation of stringy Chern
classes for singular toric varieties. As an application one obtains
combinatorial formulas for the intersection numbers of stringy Chern classes
with toric Cartier divisors and some interesting combinatorial identities for convex lattice polytopes.
By the celebrated Hasse principle of Kneser, Harder and Chernousov,
calculating the Galois cohomology H^1(K,G) of a simply connected simple
Kgroup over a number field K reduces to calculating H^1(R,G) over the
field of real numbers R. For some cases, in particular, for the split
simply connected Rgroup G of type E_7, the first calculations of
H^1(R,G) appeared only in 2013 and 2014 in preprints of Jeffry Adams,
of Brian Conrad, and of the speaker and Zachi Evenor. All these
calculations used the speaker's note of 1988.
In the talk I will explain the method of Kac diagrams of calculating
H^1(R,G) for a simply connected simple Rgroup G by the examples of
groups of type E_7. The talk is based on a work in progress with
Dmitry A. Timashev. No preliminary knowledge of Galois cohomology or
of groups of type E_7 is assumed.
Zeta functions of groups were introduced by Grunewald, Segal and Smith in 1988. They have proved to be a powerful tool for studying the subgroup structure and growth of certain groups, especially finitely generated nilpotent groups. Three types of zeta function have received special attention: those enumerating all subgroups, normal subgroups or "proisomorphic" subgroups: subgroups isomorphic to the original group after taking profinite completions. Of particular interest is a striking symmetry observed in many explicit computations, of a functional equation for local factors of the zeta functions. Inspired by widereaching results, due to Voll, for the first two types of zeta function, I will talk about recent progress on the functional equation for local proisomorphic zeta functions. Thanks to work of Igusa and of du Sautoy and Lubotzky, these local zeta functions can be analysed by translating them into integrals over certain points of an automorphism group of a Lie algebra associated to the nilpotent group and then applying a padic Bruhat decomposition due to Iwahori and Matsumoto. While this technique proves a functional equation for certain classes of such integrals, it is difficult to relate these results back to the nilpotent groups they arise from. In particular, it is not known whether the local proisomorphic zeta functions of all finitely generated groups of nilpotency class 2 enjoy local functional equations. I will discuss recent explicit calculations of proisomorphic zeta functions for specific nilpotent groups. Interesting new features include an example of a group whose local zeta functions do not satisfy functional equations, a family of groups whose global zeta functions have noninteger abscissae of convergence of arbitrary denominator, and an example whose calculation requires solving congruence equations modulo p^n for a prime p. The latter sheds new light on the types of automorphism groups that can be expected to arise. This is joint work with Benjamin Klopsch and Uri Onn.
In 2012 J. Meakin posed the following question: under what conditions is the word problem for amalgamated free products of inverse semigroups decidable?
Some positive results were interrupted by a result of Radaro and Silva showing that the problem is undecidable even under some nice conditions. Revisiting the proofs of decidability, we discuss whether positive results can be achieved for wider classes of inverse semigroups and show how small the distance is between decidability and undecidability.
In this talk I will present a function field analogue of a conjecture in number theory. This conjecture is a combination of several famous conjectures, including the HardyLittlewood prime tuple conjecture, conjectures on the number of primes in arithmetic progressions and in short intervals, and the Goldbach conjecture. I prove an asymptotic formula for the number of simultaneous prime values of $n$ linear functions, in the limit of a large finite field.
A key role is played by the computation of some Galois groups.
See attached file.
The goal of this talk is to show that natural questions in complexity theory raise very natural questions in algebraic geometry.
More precisely, we will show how to adapt an approach introduced by Landsberg and Ottaviani, called Young Flattening, to questions about arithmetic circuits. We will show that this approach generalizes the method of shifted partial derivatives introduced by Kayal to show lower bounds for shallow circuits.
We will also show how one can calculate shifted partial derivatives of the permanent using methods from homological algebra, namely by calculating a minimal free resolution of an ideal generated by partial derivatives.
I will not assume any previous knowledge about arithmetic circuits.
Joint work with J.M. Landsberg, H Schenck, J Weyman.
The goal of this talk is to show that natural questions in complexity theory raise very natural questions in algebraic geometry.
More precisely, we will show how to adapt an approach introduced by Landsberg and Ottaviani, called Young Flattening, to questions about arithmetic circuits. We will show that this approach generalizes the method of shifted partial derivatives introduced by Kayal to show lower bounds for shallow circuits.
We will also show how one can calculate shifted partial derivatives of the permanent using methods from homological algebra, namely by calculating a minimal free resolution of an ideal generated by partial derivatives.
I will not assume any previous knowledge about arithmetic circuits.
Joint work with J.M. Landsberg, H Schenck, J Weyman.
In this talk we will study the topological ramification locus of a generically étale morphism f : Y > X between quasismooth Berkovich curves. We define a different function \delta f : Y > [0,1] which measures the wildness of the morphism. It turns out to be a piecewise monomial function on the curve, satisfying a balancing condition at type 2 points analogous to the classical RiemannHurwitz formula. We also explain how \delta can be used to explicitly construct the simultaneous skeletons of X and Y.
Joint work with Prof. M. Temkin and Dr. D. Trushin.
The talk will begin with a quick background on Berkovich curves. All terms will be defined.
In a celebrated paper, J. Tits proved the following fundamental dichotomy for a finitely generated linear group:
Let G be a finitely generated linear group over an arbitrary field. Then either G is virtually solvable, or G contains a free nonabelian subgroup.
Let G be a nonvirtually solvable subgroup of a linear group. We will discuss the following problem(s): is it possible to find a free subgroup of G that fulfills additional (topological, algebraic, and dynamical) conditions?
We will report on several recent works on Massey products in Galois cohomology,
and explain how they reveal new information on the structure of absolute Galois groups of fields.
We give explicit linear bounds on the pcohomological dimension
of a field in terms of its Diophantine dimension. In particular,
we show that for a field of Diophantine dimension at most 4, the
3cohomological dimension is less than or equal to the Diophantine dimension.
This is a joint work with Tsachik Gelander.
See attached file.
I will present a 'categorical' way of doing analytic geometry in which analytic geometry is seen as a precise analogue of algebraic geometry. Our approach works for both complex analytic geometry and padic analytic geometry in a uniform way. I will focus on the idea of an 'open set' as used in these various areas of math and how it is characterised categorically. In order to do this, we need to study algebras and their modules in the category of Banach spaces. The categorical characterization that we need uses homological algebra in these 'quasiabelian' categories which is work of Schneiders and Prosmans. In fact, we work with the larger category of IndBanach spaces for reasons I will explain. This gives us a way to establish foundations of analytic geometry and to compare with the standard notions such as the theory of affinoid algebras, GrosseKlonne's theory of dagger algebras (overconvergent functions) and others. If time remains I will explain how this extends to a formulation of derived analytic geometry following the relative algebraic geometry approach of Toen, Vaquie and Vezzosi.
This is joint work with Federico Bambozzi (Regensburg) and Kobi Kremnizer (Oxford).
Generalizing the notion of nilpotency of groups to nilpotency of semisimple Hopf
algebras H we give several criteria for H to be nilpotent in terms
of various sequences of "commutators" and canonical matrices associated to H. We also initiate the study of probabilistical methods for Hopf algebras and prove that quasitriangular H are
“probabilistically nilpotent” ( If G is a finite group then its group algebra kG is an example of such H).
The representation zeta function of a finitely generated nilpotent group is the Dirichlet generating series enumerating the group's irreducible finitedimensional complex characters up to twists by onedimensional characters. A simple example is the Heisenberg group over the integers: here the relevant arithmetic function is just Euler's totient function. In general, these zeta functions have natural Euler product decompositions, indexed by the places of a number field. The Euler factors are rational functions with interesting arithmetic properties, such as palindromic symmetries.
In my talk  which reports on joint work with Alexander Stasinski  I will (A) explain some general facts about representation zeta functions of finitely generated nilpotent groups and (B) discuss in detail some specific classes of examples, including groups generalizing the free class2nilpotent groups. One reason for interest in these classes of groups is the fact that their representation growth exhibits intriguing connections with some statistics on the hyperoctahedral groups (Weyl groups of type B).
A profinite group is equipped with various standard filtrations by closed normal subgroup,
such as the lower central series, the lower pcentral series, and the pZassenhaus filtration.
In the case of an absolute Galois group of a field, these filtrations are related to the arithmetic
structure of the field, as well as with its Galois cohomology. We will describe some recent
results on these connections, in particular with the Massy product in Galois cohomology.
Noninvertible cohomology refers to Galois cohomology in which the values of the cocycles are allowed to be noninvertible. In this talk I will describe an application of this theory to the following problem: Given L/F, a finite separable extension of fields, and an Lcentral simple algebra B, classify those Falgebras A containing B that are "tightly connected to B" in a sense I will make precise. The answer uses the Teichmüller cocycle. This is a threecocycle that is the obstruction, when L/F is Galois, to a normal L/F central simple algebra (i.e. a central simple Lalgebra B with the property that every element of Gal(L/F) extends to an automorphism of B) having the property that its Brauer class in Br(L) is restricted from B(F). This is mostly work of two of my students, Holly Attenborough and Kevin Foster.
Let A=$\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}$ be a finite alphabet. Consider a substitution $S: a_i\to v_i; i=1,\dots, n$, where $v_i$ are some words.
A DOLsystem is an infinite word (superword) $W$ obtained by iteration of $S$. An HDOLsystem is $V$ an image of $W$ under some other substitution $a_i\to u_i; i=1,\dots, n$.
The general problem is: suppose we have 2 HDOLsystems. Do they have the same set of finite subwords? This problem is open so far, but the author proved a positive solution of the periodicity problem (is $U$ periodic?) and uniformly recurrence problem http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.4780. This result was obtained independently by Fabien Durand http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.3268 using different method. see also http://arxiv.org/abs/1107.0185
We discuss algorithmical problems of periodicity of $V$
The multiplicative Borcherds singular theta lift is a wellknown
tool for obtaining automorphic forms with known zeros and poles on
quotients of orthogonal symmetric spaces. This has been used by Borcherds
in order to prove a generalization of the GrossKohnenZagier Theorem,
stating that certain combinations of Heegner points behave, in an
appropriate quotient of the Jacobian variety of the modular curve, like
the coeffcients of a modular form of weight 3/2. The same holds for
certain CM (or Heegner) divisors on Shimura curves.
The moduli interpretation of Shimura and modular curves yields universal
families (KugaSato varieties) over them, as well as variations of Hodge
structures coming from these universal families. In these universal
families one defines the CM cycles, which are vertical cycles of
codimension larger than 1 in the KugaSato variety. We will show how a
variant of the additive lift, which was used by Borcherds in order to
extend the Shimura correspondence, can be used in order to prove that the
(fundamental cohomology classes of) higher codimensional Heegner cycles
become, in certain quotient groups, coefficients of modular forms as well.
Explicitly, by taking the $m$th symmetric power of the universal family,
we obtain a modular form of the desired weight $3/2+m$. Along the way we
obtain a new singular Shimuratype lift, from weakly holomorphic modular
forms of weight 1/2m to meromorphic modular forms of weight 2m+2.
I will review symmetric monoidal categories and explain how one can work with "algebras and modules" in such a category. Toen, Vaquie, and Vezzosi promoted the study of algebraic geometry relative to a closed symmetric monoidal category. By considering the closed symmetric monoidal category of Banach spaces, we recover various aspects of Berkovich analytic geometry. The opposite category to commutative algebra objects in a closed symmetric monoidal category has a few different notions of a Zariski toplogy. We show that one of these notions agrees with the Gtopology of Berkovich theory and embed Berkovich analytic geometry into these abstract versions of algebraic geometry. We will describe the basic open sets in this topology and what algebras they correspond to. These algebras play the same role as the basic localizations which you get from a ring by inverting a single element. In our context, the quasiabelian categories of Banach spaces or modules as developed by Schneiders and Prosmans are very helpful. This is joint work with Kobi Kremnizer (Oxford).
The classical scenario in the algebraic theory of invariants is where a group G of automorphisms acts on a ring R. Working in a more general setting, where G need not be a group, I will discuss properties of R which are inherited by the ring of invariants R^G, focusing on cases when R is "almost" semisimple Artinian.
In particular, if R is semiprimary (resp. left/right perfect; semilocal complete) then so is the invariant ring R^G for any set G of endomorphisms of R. However, that R is artinian or semiperfect need not imply this property for R^G, even when G is a finite group with an inner action. (Examples will be presented if time permits.) The former result actually holds in a more general context: Let S be a ring containing R and let G be a set of endomorphisms of S, then the ring R^G of Ginvariant elements inside R inherits from R the properties: being semiprimary, being left (resp. right) perfect.
As easy corollaries, we get that if R is a subring of a ring S, then the centralizer in R of any subset of S inherits the property of being semiprimary or left perfect from R. Better still, the centralizer in R of a set of invertible elements in R inherits the property of being semilocalcomplete.
Similarly, assume S is a ring containing R and let M be a right Smodule. Then, that End_R(M) is semiprimary (resp. left/right perfect) implies that End_S(M) is.
All ringtheoretic notions will be defined.